Textbook Notes (368,116)
Canada (161,659)
HLTC02H3 (51)
Chapter 7&8


3 Pages
Unlock Document

Health Studies
Joseph Bryant

chapter 7: women’s Health and the politics of poverty and exclusion Women’s Poverty in Canada  The years 1973-1993 marked a great increase in income inequality in Canada. Income inequality attributed to a number of problems like a decline in labour unions, wage differences among certain groups, as a result of these issues there was an increase in the number of families living in poverty.  Most families living in poverty were usually single-parent homes, and women make up the larger percent of single-parent homes. As a result women and children seem to be the most at risk group when it comes to poverty.  Poverty and low-income is a gendered phenomena. Women experience poverty differently from men. Main causes of poverty among women in Canada  Labour market inequities , and domestic circumstances(violence against women, divorce)  Poverty and women’s Health  Health is powerfully affected by one’s social position.  The Gradient of Health is defined as the line on the graph that remains consistent across gender, age groups, and cultural groups.  So the people with the lowest SES will most likely have the highest mortality and morbidity rates.  Determinants of Health  Low income  Income inequality  Discrimination  Social Exclusion  Women tend to experience more illnesses and disability but men die more quickly than women. The standard explanations for why women report more ill health; are biological/genetic risks and social roles/behaviours. Wounds of Exclusion: Poverty, Women’s Health, and Social justice The author in this chapter conducted some cohort studies on the effects of exclusion among women in Canada.  Living in Material deprivation  For women being materially deprived is severely influenced by their access to health and certain essentials like food, clothing, housing and transportation.  Poverty imposes constraints on the material conditions of everyday living.  Limited access to fundamental building blocks of health such as health, nutrition, deprives people attaining a healthy life.  Access to Health  Although Canada has a universal medical system, some groups of people are still excluded from receiving certain medical treatments.  Certain healthcare services referred to as “health promoting extras” (physio-therapy, vitamins, non-generic medicines) seem to be accessible to only certain groups of people.  Studies showed that there is a two-tier health care system in place. People without money are treated worse than people who have money. As a result the quality of healthcare one receives is directly correlated with one’s SES.  Psychosocial Health Problems  When women are on welfare, society tends to look down on them. The stereotype of the welfare recipient is predicated upon the notion that recipients do not have a valid reason for being on welfare, they choose to rely on government. As a result many women face shame, subordination, disrespect and this in turn causes stress and anxiety.  Health Behaviours  Material deprivation and psychosocial health affects the range of health behaviours available to low-income women.  Most women on welfare have eating disorders due to the fact that they have low-self- esteem issues.  To relieve stress many women will smoke cigarettes, and this results in poor health conditions.  Even though many of the women living on social assistance would like to be healthier their income does not allow them to live a healthy lifestyle. Women’s Health as a Social Justice Issue  Health inequality researchers argue that the quality of social relations is a prime determinant of human welfare and quality of life.  Health as a social justice issue is concerned with creating the opportunities for attaining full health potential and reducing health inequities.  Equity refers to conditions largely out of individual’s control that create unjust differentials in health.  Protecting and restori
More Less

Related notes for HLTC02H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.