Textbook Notes (362,879)
Canada (158,081)
HLTC05H3 (17)
R Song (8)

HLTC05 reading Tuesday October 1.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
R Song

HLTC05 Tuesday October 1, 2012 Readings: First, the magnitude of racialinequalities in health demands attention. In the UnitedStates, where debate over race is most intense, the risk of morbidity and mortality from every leading cause is patterned along racial lines We can see “race” dividing health: more AA dieing prematurely than white counterparts Race is a cultural construct but we see clear differences in health status therefore we need to look at how race can become biological. Epidemiologic evidence regarding racial inequalities in health and show that these inequalities are commonly interpreted as evidence of fundamental, genetic differences between ‘‘races.’ In North America, a central tenet of the racial worldview isthat humans are naturally divided into a few biological subdivisions. These subdivisions, or races, are thought tobe discrete, exclusive, permanent, and relatively homogenous Science ie) anthropology have played a eey role in building construct of race where epidemiological data has reflected and reinforced scientific thinking about race for more than 200years CVD showed most significan differences btw black and white, death rate almost 30% haigher In 1995, the black–whitegap in life expectancy was the same as it was 40 yearsearlier—6.9 years. Only recently has the gap narrowed to its historic low of just over 5 years Comparisons of black-white are limited in at least 3 ways Four models emphasize environmental factors, including 1) socioeconomic status, 2)health behaviors, 3) psychosocial stress, and 4) social structure and cultural context. The fifth model assumes that genetic factors contribute substantially to racial inequalities in health. Liturate in science doesn’t define race, perpettues notion that its genetic Race/ethinicity is used equal to gene pool This finding does not warrant the conclusion that racial inequalities are genetic in origin; genetic hypotheses require genetic data The defense of race relies on two related lines of evidence: 1) studies of worldwide genetic variation show that individuals from the same continent reliably cluster together 2) in the United States,‘‘self-identified race/ethnicity’’ is a useful proxy for genetic differentiation between groups that vary in continental ancestry Evidence that humans can be divided into five clusters does not mean they are naturally divided, as the classical definition of race would suggest. Straw-man view that ‘‘racial and ethnic categories are purely social and devoid of genetic content’ Evidence of genetic clustering, then, does not contradict the claim that most human genetic variationoccurs within rather than between traditional
More Less

Related notes for HLTC05H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.