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HLTC05H3 (17)
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Chapter 1

HLTC05- Constitution of the World Health Organization (WHO). Chapter 1- A new global agenda.doc

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
R Song

Constitution of the World Health Organization (WHO) Chapter 1: A new global agenda – the Commission (the act of committing – an authoritative order, charge, or direction) on Social Determinants of Health • The more affluent the country, the higher the life chance – the life expectancy in Japan or Sweden is 80 years and in African countries less than 50 years • Health inequity, where systematic differences in health are judged to be avoidable by reasonable action globally and within society • Maldistribution of health care – not delivering care to those who most need it is one of the social determinants of health • Poor and unequal living conditions stem from poor social policies, unfair economic arrangements and bad politics – these are known as structural drivers that operate under the authority of government and under the effects of globalization • Daily living conditions, themselves the result of these structural drivers, together constitute the social determinants of health • Putting these inequities right is a matter of social justice – that’s just not being made • We call for the health gap to be closed in a generation with social, political and economical action • Three principles of action to achieve health equity:  Improve daily life conditions – the circumstances in which people are born, grow, live, work and age  Tackle the inequitable distribution of power, money and resources – the structural drivers of those conditions of daily life – globally, nationally, locally  Measure the problem, evaluate action, expand the knowledge base, develop a
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