Global burden of disease 2004 update Notes

2 Pages
103 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTC21H3
Professor
Caroline Barakat
Semester
Fall

Description
Facts from the global burden of disease 2004 update • Almost one in five of all deaths are of children aged under five years • In Africa, death takes the young; in high-income countries, death takes the old • Out of every 10 deaths, 6 are due to noncommunicable conditions; 3 to communicable, reproductive or nutritional conditions; and 1 to injuries • Group I – communicable, maternal, perinatal and nutritional conditions Group II – noncommunicable diseases Group III – injuries • Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death (Top 3 leading causes) • Leading cause groups of death among males and females in the world are: cardiovascular diseases, infectious and parasitic diseases, and cancers • Leading causes of death (all ages)- ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, lower respiratory infections • Low-income countries- lower respiratory infections, ischaemic heart disease, diarrhoeal diseases • Middle-income countries- cerebrovascular disease, ischaemic heart disease, COPD • High-income countries- ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, trachea/bronchus/lung cancers • Top 3 causes of death among children under five: acute respiratory infections, diarrhoeal diseases, prematurity and low birth weight • More than 7 out of 10 child deaths are in Africa and South-east Asia • Mortality is high among adult men in eastern Europe • HIV/AIDS is the main cause of adult mortality in Africa • Injuries and cardiovascular diseases are leading causes of death among men in Europe • Injuries are the main cause of death for adult men in Latin America and the Caribbean • Incidence- the number of new cases in a period of time- usually one year; measures how many people are affected by it for the first time over a period of time • Top 3 disease incidence- TB, HIV infection, Diarrhoeal disease • Diarrhoeal disease if the most common cause of illness • 11.4 million people were diagnosed with cancer in 2004 • More cancers occur in high-income countries than in low and middle-income countries due to the age of the populations in different regions, most cancers affect older adults • Cancer incidence top 3- lung cancer, stomach cancer, colon and rectum cancers • Prevalence- how many people have a disease at any given time; prevalence data do not capture the burden of disease experienced by individuals in terms of lost health. • Anaemia, hearing loss and migraine are the 3 most prevalent conditions • Disability refers to loss of health, where health is conceptualized in terms of functioning capacity in a set of health domains such as mobility, cognition, hearing and vision • Top 3 prevalent conditions- TB, HIV infection, Intestinal nematodes-high intensity infection • Almost 19million people were severely disabled in 2004 • Hearing loss, vision problems and mental disorders are the most common causes of disability • Much uncertainty around the disability estimates exists • YLD measures the equivalent years of health life lost through time spent in states of less than full health • Neuropsychiatric disorders cause one thirds of YLD • Depression is particularly common among women • One in f
More Less

Related notes for HLTC21H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit