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Canada (161,988)
HLTC22H3 (102)
Anna Walsh (49)
Chapter 9

Health and Aging reading notes chapter 9

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Health Studies
Anna Walsh

Health, Illness, and Optimal Aging Chapter 9 Personality Processes and Disease -Hippocrates developed a system of medicine based on the belief that substances called humours influenced personality and health; 4 humours- blood, melancholy (black bile), choler (yellow bile), and phlegm -bile=depression and degenerative disease -choler= anger and bitter -blood=ruddy, sanguine -phlegm=apathy -health psychology orientated toward basic research whereas behavioural medicine focuses on clinical approach -bidirectional refers to a reciprocal relationship between physical and psychological health -transactional refers to continuous process of change among multiple variables -personality process: physiological factors studied in connection with health and gaining -term personality processes allows for a greater flexibility in the review of the material Hostility -relationship between hostility and CHD -Type A personality: easily aroused hostility, time urgency, explosive speech patterns -two way to access personality; 1) ask questions slowly and challenge patients answers 2) self report questionnaires -men higher in hostility are 2.5x more likely to get CHD -this relationship is stronger for men than women -people high in hostility exhibit greater cardiovascular reactivity to stress; increases in blood pressure and elevated heart pressure -hostility levels seem to be highest in adolescence Anxiety -men higher in anxiety are 2.5x more likely to get CHD, 4.5x risk of sudden cardiac death -emotional distress is associated with the release of catecholamines, which stimulates the heart -heart rate variability indicates a lack of regulation of the heartbeat and thus it can overreact to stimulation Depression -strongest associate between health and negative affect -rel
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