Textbook Notes (363,263)
Canada (158,281)
HLTC22H3 (102)
Anna Walsh (49)
Chapter 9

Health and Aging reading notes chapter 9

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Anna Walsh

Health, Illness, and Optimal Aging Chapter 9 Personality Processes and Disease -Hippocrates developed a system of medicine based on the belief that substances called humours influenced personality and health; 4 humours- blood, melancholy (black bile), choler (yellow bile), and phlegm -bile=depression and degenerative disease -choler= anger and bitter -blood=ruddy, sanguine -phlegm=apathy -health psychology orientated toward basic research whereas behavioural medicine focuses on clinical approach -bidirectional refers to a reciprocal relationship between physical and psychological health -transactional refers to continuous process of change among multiple variables -personality process: physiological factors studied in connection with health and gaining -term personality processes allows for a greater flexibility in the review of the material Hostility -relationship between hostility and CHD -Type A personality: easily aroused hostility, time urgency, explosive speech patterns -two way to access personality; 1) ask questions slowly and challenge patients answers 2) self report questionnaires -men higher in hostility are 2.5x more likely to get CHD -this relationship is stronger for men than women -people high in hostility exhibit greater cardiovascular reactivity to stress; increases in blood pressure and elevated heart pressure -hostility levels seem to be highest in adolescence Anxiety -men higher in anxiety are 2.5x more likely to get CHD, 4.5x risk of sudden cardiac death -emotional distress is associated with the release of catecholamines, which stimulates the heart -heart rate variability indicates a lack of regulation of the heartbeat and thus it can overreact to stimulation Depression -strongest associate between health and negative affect -rel
More Less

Related notes for HLTC22H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.