Chapter 8 Book Notes

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Health Studies
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

Health, Illness, and Optimal Aging- Biological and Psychological Perspectives Chapter 8: Functional Health, Health Promotion and Quality of Life - A persons state of health is more than the simple sum of physical illness and problems. - Functional health refers to the ability to take care of personal needs such as bathing, toileting, and dressing, as well as being able to engage in everyday tasks, including shopping, paying bills, using the telephone, and navigating the physical and social environment. - There is an increased chance of developing a disability in later life, especially among those over 85 years of age and older. - In advanced stages, chronic diseases affect many of the everyday activities of the older person - Sensory problems- make it difficult to hear or see, impairing mobility and social interactions - Cognitive problems can limit people the ability to complete simple tasks [making a change in a store] - Congestive heart failure- can limit the person in making their beds or lifting heavy bags - Arthritis and Osteoporosis- limit people when driving their cars - Deterioration in balance and gait is a predictor of worsening health and decline of these abilities has a major impact on the sensory, social, and mental functions of the older person. - The loss of sense of balance is a major contributor to falls and fractured hips. - Functional decline can also result from the cumulative effects of multiple organ dysfunctions; even modest losses, if they occur in multiple sites, can add to the stress load on the body. Functional Health Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) First developed as a way to measures ability to complete 6 basic functions: 1. Bathing 2. Dressing 3. Toileting 4. Going from bed to chair 5. Continence
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