Chapter 9 Book Notes

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Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTC22H3
Professor
Ingrid L.Stefanovic
Semester
Fall

Description
Health, Illness, and Optimal Aging- Biological and Psychological Perspectives Chapter 9: The Interface between Physical and Mental Health PERSONALITY PROCESSES AND DISEASE - Sigmund Freud is credited with developing the first Western scientific theory of mind, and he believed that eventually psychological phenomena would be traced back to neurophysiological events. - Mothers of asthmatic children are often overprotective because their children are quite ill - Having a chronic illness can lead to depression and frustration - Mind and body are intimately connected in a bidirectional or transactional manner - Bidirectional- reciprocal relationship between physical and psychological health - Transactional- continuous process of change among multiple variables (Ex. Downward spirals) - Personality Processes- to acknowledge the physiological factors studied in connection with health and aging including: traits, affective states, psychological symptoms and beliefs and attitudes - Personality processes: o Strong association between personality processes and diseases such as coronary heart for disease (CHD) and overall mortality. - More recent research has reinstated the relationship between personality and disease outcomes - Three Primary negative emotions linked to the development of a disease and its progression: (1) hostility (2) depression (3) anxiety - Positive effects -which all control the negative effects: self-efficacy, optimism, and emotional stability Psychological Risk Factors and Health Hostility - Traditional risk factors of CHD: high cholesterol, high blood pressure, cigarette smoking - Type A Personality also known now as Type A Behaviour Pattern (TABP) - Two primary ways of assessing TABP: o Structured Interview: Type A people are easily aggravated and express hostility Annoyed by people who are slow [Interrupt & finish sentences] Angry and hostile when challenged in social situations o Self-Report Questionnaires: Miller, Smith, Turner, Guijarro, Hallet (1996)- conducted a study and concluded that individuals higher in hostility are more likely to develop CHD & exhibit higher rates of overall mortality. - Demographic differences also exist. The relationship between hostility and CHD is stronger for men than for women and may be stronger for younger than for older people, although the results are inconsistent. www.notesolution.com
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