Chapter 11 Book Notes

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

Health, Illness, and Optimal Aging- Biological and Psychological Perspectives Chapter 11: Social Support, Health, and Aging - Social support is important for both mental health and physical health throughout the life span, but it may be especially important in late life. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOCIAL SUPPORT NETWORK Functions of Social Support - Three functions of social support have been identified: o Aid (instrumental help) o Affect (emotional support) o Affirmation (acknowledgment of ones values or agreement with ones attitudes) Generally, instrumental support includes tangible aid. For older people, this may be as simple as providing a ride to the grocery store or mowing the lawn and often takes the form of help with the tasks of daily living, such as activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Emotional support refers to the quality of the persons relationships with others, including empathy, caring, companionship, love, and trust. The intention of social support is often to alleviate the psychological distress of the person. Finally, affirmation is the knowledge and understanding that ones beliefs and attitudes are similar to others, therefore providing membership and acceptance in a group. Social Suppor Network - Cantor and Little (1985)- describe three levels of social support: o Informal o Quasi-formal o Formal Informal Support - Informal support network members consist of family, friends, and neighbors. - This group provides instrumental and emotional support, companionship, acceptance, love, understanding, and respect. - Primary caregivers to the elder people who needs assistance - Daughters more likely to help parents than sons [ sons help with repairment, management etc] - Living alone can place a person at risk of unavailable support
More Less

Related notes for HLTC22H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.