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Canada (161,878)
HLTC22H3 (102)
Anna Walsh (49)
Chapter 9

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Health Studies
Anna Walsh

Chapter 9Hippocrates developed a system of medicine based on the belief that substances called humors influenced both personality and healthGalen said the 4 primary humors were blood melancholy black bile choler yellow bile and phlegmPeople with excess of bile were said to be prone to depression and degenerative disease whereas those with too much choler were angry and bitter Blood lead to rudness and phlegm caused apathyFreud created the first scientific theory of mind psychological phenomenon traced to neurophysiologicaBidirectionalreciprocal relationship transactionalcontinuous process of change among multiple variables ex downward spiralsPersonality processes include traits such as affective states psychological symptoms beliefsattitudesRelationship has emerged between personality processes and diseases Hostility Hostility as a risk factor for CHD are comparable to those of more traditional risk factors such as high cholesterol high blood pressure and smokingA Behaviour Pattern TABP aroused hostility time urgency achievement motivation explosive speech patterns Ways of assessing type A 1 First is through the structured interview talking slowly trying to arouse them 2 Second through selfreport questionnaires such as the Jenkins Activity survey not goodHostility component is the best predictor of CHDIn the Normative Aging Study men who were high in anger and hostility were 25 times more likely to develop CHDIn the Myocardial Infarction Onset Study were angry before heart attacksRelationship between hostility and CHD is stronger for men and stronger for younger people than olderRelationship between Type A coronary artery disease was strongest for those in their 30s and early 40s and after 56 type B was higher due to survivor effectsPeople who are hostile are more likely to Smoke drink weigh more less active all effect CHDPeople who are hostile have greater cardiovascular reactivity to stress critisimAnxietyIn a study phobics had six times the risk for sudden cardiac death
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