HLTB01H3S: Health, Aging and the Life Cycle
Family Law Act
R.S.O. 1990, CHAPTER F.3
29. In this Part,
“dependant” means a person to whom another has an obligation to provide support under this Part; (“personne à
“spouse” means a spouse as defined in subsection 1 (1), and in addition includes either of two persons who are not
married to each other and have cohabited,
(a) continuously for a period of not less than three years, or
(b) in a relationship of some permanence, if they are the natural or adoptive parents of a child. (“conjoint”) R.S.O. 1990,
c. F.3, s. 29; 1999, c. 6, s. 25 (2); 2005, c. 5, s. 27 (4- Obligation of child to support parent
32. Every child who is not a minor has an obligation to provide support, in accordance with need, for his or her
parent who has cared for or provided support for the child, to the extent that the child is capable of doing so. R.S.O.
1990, c. F.3, s. 32.
A&G: Chapter 11.
Social Support, Health, and Aging
Social support is important for both mental health and physical health throughout the life span, but
it may be especially important in late life.
Characteristics of the Social Support Network
Functions of Social Support
• Three functions of social support have been identified:
1. aid (instrumental help),
2. affect (emotional support)
3. affirmation (acknowledgment of one’s values or agreement with one’s
• A major function of social support is to provide information and advice in times of stress.
Social Support Networks
• Informal support network members consist of family, friends, and neighbors. This group
provides instrumental and emotional support, companionship, acceptance, love and respect
• Informal support members are generally the primary caregivers to the older adult who
1 • The quasi-formal support system includes community organizations and service workers.
These are religious organizations, neighborhoods, and volunteer community interest groups
• It provides unpaid services to older persons
• The formal support system consists of members of professional organizations who are
hired to provide care to the individual. These can be either private or public organizations.
• Formal support network members give a wide spectrum of care, most of it instrumental in
nature. Although, it can be expensive depending on the type of care that is provided.
Interface of Formal and Informal Support
• For those older people who are truly frail, both formal and informal services are frequently
needed. The formal system is designed to give instrumental and hands-on care, whereas
the informal system