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Health Studies
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

IDSB04 week 1 notesCh1IntroductionWHOs defn of health health is a state of social mental and physical wellbeing not just the absence of diseasesPublic health preventing disease by community efforts through education nurses for servicestreatment before disease and development of social machinery for individuals in the communityto maintain healthSocial medicine political actions integrated with health effortsPopulation health individual determinants of health do not act in isolation but rather in acomplex fashion unemployment isolation poverty homelessnessCollective health 1970s role of ordinary people and social movements shaping healthoutcomesInternational Health World HealthGovernments in the early 20th century tried to improve health around the borders by workingtogether with more sanitation and quarantine and safer measure at work to increaseproductivityWHO was created after WW2Global HealthRecognizing health issues around the world regardless of borders of a country helping acrossthe worldrecognizes issues in rich and poor countries looking at social economic political etcfactorsmigration immigration lack of border control lead to a threat of spreading diseasesWhat then is International HealthHealthrelated agreements between countriesActivists and agencies that carry out health efforts and believe its good for people receiving itLooks at spread of diseases worldwide causes and consequencesDeals with humanitarian response to disasters and emergencies ex political ecological threatsLack of resources knowledge and tools leads to health issues agencies decide which to provideand howOngoing Challenges and Dilemmas in International HealthWho protects health within countriesWho sets policiesWhat role should international entities play in shaping domestic and local health policiesCh2The Historical Origins of Modern International HealthAntecedents of Modern International Health Black Death Colonial Conquest and the Atlantic SlaveTradeChinese Persian Egyptians Hindus etc in their civilization came up with instruments toprevent disease garbage disposal drainage and systems of water supplyPlague and the Beginnings of Health RegulationMedicinal herbs found in Europe and the Islamic World however sanitation was ruined bymigration and lack of water supplyPlague of Justinian struck in 542 ce through Asia and Ireland and the great black death of the14th century killed many more people most destructive everno causes were discovered for the plagues but vessels seemed to be a factor of the spreadquarantine stations such as lazaretto and cordon sanitaire were set up in Venice and Italydisinfecting people and cargopeople believed it was gods way of getting back at sinners some thought it was bad air andothers thought it was just passed onrich people usually left towns and escaped from plague while others were not so lucky18th century countries took sanitation more seriously introducing improved ventilationdrainage of water street cleaning cleaner wells burial of garbage etcThese measure led to international health measure and institutionsThe rise of European ImperialismMuslims started moving out of their countries opening more way for the Europeans to enterEuropeans were looking for resources and riches by travelling the seasMany people died because of forced labour by the Europeans and small pox is believed to befrom infested blankets from the SpanishMilitary conquest put a rise to the spread of disease and famine therefore medical practitionersjoined these colonial ventures setting up better health care practicesCodex Badianus 1552 was a collection of herbs really important Spaniards wanted to learnabout itSpanish and Portuguese set up medical faculties in colonial cities such as Peru and Brazil to helpurban elites charity care through healers and midwivesThere was then greater emphasis on technology with new developments in astronomy physicsand medicineCure for small pox was found in Spain and arrived in Puerto Rico in 1804 and delivered to peopleby footDiseases that Europeans were exposed to include smallpox yellow fever some malaria camefrom African shipsThe Slave Tradechose Africans to be slaves because of dark complexion physical attributes adaptable totropical climates since most work was needed on farms growing different crops no strong
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