Textbook Notes (368,336)
Canada (161,803)
HLTC43H3 (19)
Chapter 5

Chapter 5 Notes.docx

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Health Studies
Joseph Bryant

Chapter 5 Notes IntroductionVarious groups and interests play a role in public policy change processAdvocacy organizations play a role in public policy change by drawing attention to and informing the public of issues and offering policy solution o Differ in resources they possess o Do not have equal political cloutSpecific groups ability to influence policy development depends on the area in which they are engage o Ability to influence policy depends on how informed and consistent with the political ideology of the government the ideas arePolitical ideology important cause it provides a context for understanding state receptivity as well as resistance to some perspectives rather than others o Receptivity less when policy advocates go against the ruling governments ideology o Government privileges some interestsgroups more than others while deliberately shutting out others Policy informed by politicsIn reality policymaking is part of the political process characterized as a struggle in which different groups in civil society such as corporate labour health and social service sectors among others vie for influence o Objective is to have policy that favours their interestsIn the health policy field these forces include health professionals citizen activists organized into social movements etcCorporate interests such as pharmaceutical industry and the insurance industry etcAdvocacy groups work for policy goals that benefit economic interests o Eg pharmaceutical company lobbying for govt to make a vaccine availableprofitAdvocacy groups also work for policy changes that are consistent with a set of values and belief o Eg advocacy groups lobbying for greater access to health care for disabled may be disabled themselves or for care for homeless in line with their beliefsSometimes lobby for change with a lack of evidenceKey Influences on the Public Policy ProcessAs discussed in ch 3 there are macro meso and microlevel theories that explain different inputs or factors that influence public policy outcomes o Eg pluralistMicrolevel theory that considers competition bn interest groups o NewinstitutionalismMesolevel theory concerned with roles of institutions in public policy
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