Textbook Notes (363,452)
Canada (158,372)
HLTD04H3 (42)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Toba Bryant

Ch: 10 Interviewing in Qualitative Research - interview the most widely used method in qualitative research o ethnography involves qualitative interviewing- o can do qualitative interviews without an ethnographic study - Qualitative research preferred because of flexibility, its economy of time and effort relative to ethnography - Interviewing, transcribing interviews, and analysis of transcripts although time consuming. But better then spending long time research subjects. - Types of qualitative interviews: o Unstructured o Semi structured - Differences between structured and unstructured o In quantitative research-> highly structured to maximize reliability and validity in measuring key concepts. Has specific sets of research questions. In qualitative interviewing-> less structured, open minded. Allows greater freedom to modify and add research ideas. o In qualitative -Interviewees perspectives and concerns are taken into consideration. Quantitative research-> interview driven by research agenda of the person conducting the research. o Qualitative-> Going off tangents encouraged. Unplanned questions can be asked. Order and wordings of questions can vary- Depends on what the interviewee considers important and relevant. Quantitative Research-> follow a specific research plan with no variations in wordings or order of questions, doing so will affect reliability and validity. o Qualitative-> flexible, varies on the direction the interviewee takes the interview, adjusting emphasis, as a result of issues emerging during the interview. Quantitative-> inflexible structured interviews- to standardize the interactions with all interviewees. o Qualitative -> researcher wants detailed answers. Quantitative-> designed to generate specific answers that can be coded and processed quickly. o Qualitative-> uncommon for interviewee to be interviewed more then once Quantitative-> unless research is longitudinal, personal usually interviewed once only. - Unstructured and semi structured interviewing: (referred to as in-depth interview) o Unstructured interview- uses Aide memoire, a small set of self prompts to investigate certain topics. May be a single question asked, allowing the interview to respond freely. Similar to a normal conversation o Semi- structured interview: a list of questions or fairly specific topics to be covered, as an interview guide. Interviewee still has a lot of leeway to respond. Questions may vary in order. Some questions may be excluded- based on interviewees previous responses. Questions have similar wordings. o Unstructured and semi-structured interviewing designed to bring out how the interviewees themselves interpret and make sense of issue and events. o Bell- wanted to understand what western- Canadian separatists thought of Canadian federalism and federal party system. o Tastsoglou- meaning of community from the perspective of immigrant women o Smith- meaning of pain for professional wrestlers.o Malbon used unstructured interview to study clubbers o Lupton used semi structured interviews to study Australian food preferences. o Beardsworth and Keil- used semi structured interviews to investigate food-related issues particularly in vegetarianism. - Quantitative studies test researchers hypothesis - The choice between semi and unstructured depends on: o Researcher who wants to access all of the world views of members of a social setting favor unstructured interview. Rarely completely unstructured. Usually has a general topic to be discussed. o Semi structured used when researcher has a clear focus, rather then general. To address more specific issues. o To ensued comparability of interviewing styles- if more then one person is to carry out fieldwork- semi structured interview used. o Multiple case study- needs structure to ensure cross case comparability. - preparing an interview guide o is much shorter and less detailed then a structured interview schedule. o Usually a brief list of memory prompts for areas to be covered in unstructured interviews. o The actual questioning is flexible- allowing participants to speak freely and reveal their view of their social world. o Ask what about this thing is puzzling me? o Puzzlement can occur by activities such as: random thoughts in different contexts written down as quickly as possible, discussions with colleagu
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