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HLTD04H3 (42)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10

5 Pages
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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTD04H3
Professor
Toba Bryant

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HLTB10Chapter 10 Interviewing in Qualitative ResearchIntroduction 158The interview is probably the most widely used method in qualitative researchAlthough interviewing transcribing interviews and the analysis of transcripts are all very timeconsuming they can be more readily accommodated into researchers personal lives than spending extended periods of time with their research subjectsTwo main types of qualitative interviews are unstructured and the semistructured interview Differences between Structured and Qualitative Research Interviews 158Differences bw Qual and Quant interviewingIn quantitative research the approach is highly structured to maximize reliability and validity in measuring key concepts research has clearly specified questions In qualitative research it is much less structured and tends to be more openended It allows great freedom to modify and add research ideas once the investigation has begunIn qualitative research going off on tangents is often encouraged The investigator can ask unplanned questions that follow up on interviewees replies In quantitative research departing from the interview schedule is regarded as a nuisance and discouraged bc it may affect reliability and validityQualitative research tends to be flexibleIn qualitative interviewing the researcher wants rich detailed answers in structured interviewing the interview is normally designed to generate specific answers that can be coded and processed quicklyIn qualitative research it is not uncommon to interview a person more than once In quantitative research an individual is interviewed more than once when it is a longitudinal studyUnstructured and Semistructured Interviewing 159Unstructured Interviewing the researcher uses at most an aide mmoire a small set of selfpromops to investigate certain topics There may be a single question asked and the interviewee is allowed to respond freely with the interviewer pursuing points that seem worthy of followup This is like a conversationSemistructured Interviewing the researcher has a list of questions or fairly specific topics to be covered often referred to as an interview guide the interviewee has a great deal of leeway in how to reply In these two types of interviews the process is designed to bring out how the interviewees themselves interpret and make sense of issues and eventsThere is a growing tendency for semistructured and unstructured interviews to be referred to collectively as indepth interviews or qualitative interviews The choice of one type rather than the other is affected by a variety of factorsResearchers who fell that using even the most rudimentary interview guide hinders genuine access to the world views of members of a social setting are likely to favor an unstructured interview but still is rarely unstructured there is some general topicIf the researcher is beginning with a fairly clear rather than general focussemistructuredTo ensure a modicum of comparability of interviewing style if more than one person is to carry out the fieldwork semistructured interviewing may be preferred Multiplecase study research generally needs some structure to ensure crosscase comparabilityPreparing an Interview Guide 160Is much shorter and less detailed than a structured interview scheduleIt is often simply a brief list of memory prompts for areas to be covered in unstructured interviewing or a somewhat elaborate list of issues to be addressed or questions to be asked in semistructured interviewing What is crucial is that the actual questioning is flexibleIn preparing for qualitative interviews Lofland and Lofland suggested asking the question Just what about this thing is puzzling meCan be applied to research questions or used to generate research questionsResearch questions generated should not be so specific to allow alternative avenues of inquiry during fieldwork
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