Chapter 8 health under crises and the limits to humanitarianism. There are inequalities in preparedness between and within countries that are seen with the differences in disaster responses: most hics invest in public health and emergency preparedness while lmics lack the funds to do so. Political economy demonstrates this in allowing or worsening the crisis. Crisis = critical incident that involves death, serious injury, or threat to a significant amount of people or animals, or damage to the environment. Humanitarian emergency = a crisis characterized by large population displacement, food shortages, and social disruption, necessitating a humanitarian response. Complex humanitarian emergency (che) = a situation of civil strife, armed conflict or war, or politic instability that results in social upheaval and excesses morality. Asylum seeker = a person who enters a country and appels to state authorities for refugee status.