IDSB04H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Social Medicine, Bioterrorism, Global Public Good

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Published on 6 Dec 2010
International Development Studies
Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter
Key Definitions
¾ }]vP}Zt,K^Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and
not merely the absence of disease or infirmity_ (3)
o International health actors frame international health in terms of disease control
o There is growing consensus on the need to address social determinants of health
essential for g}}ZoZvÁoo]vPXdZ]voµ^µZ}µ]vPU}
clean water, sanitation, nutrition, education, broad social policies and protections, safe
¾ C. tE. A. Winslow (a public health leader) described public health ^Z]vv}(
preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting physical health and efficiency through
organized community efforts.._~ðXdZZÀvÀo}Z}v]}v}(Z(]o}(
public health including:
o Social medicine t refers to integration of political action and health efforts developed in
the 19th century
o Population health t emphasizes on how various determinants of health interact
((]vPZoZ~XPX^µvuo}Çuvvo}}]o]}o]}vU}ÀÇU and
Z}uovUÁ]Z}(}µv((}vZoZ_~ñ t developed by the Canadian
Insitute for Advanced Research
o Collective health t emphasizes on people exercising agency thus shaping health
}µ}uU}}vv}(Z]À]Á^ZoovPZÆ]À}le of, and reliance on, the
¾ International Health
o Term came into use in the 20th century and differs from tropical medicine ~^ÁZ]Z
o It was born from interest among countries to address transnational health concerns t in
particular it was originated out of fear of the adverse affect ill health had on worker
productivity and social unrest
o ^]vv]}voZoZ]v]ooÇ}ÀZ}ou}(ZoZ]vµverdeveloped
countries and the efforts by industrialized countries and international agencies to
Z}ou_~òt influenced by Cold War rivalries and dominance of
industrialized powers over developing countries
¾ Global Health
o According to the US Institute of Medicine global health ]^ZoZ}ouU]µUv
concerns that transcend national boundaries, may be influenced by circumstances or
experiences in other countries, and are best addressed by cooperative actions and
It is different from international health because it emphasizes on addressing health concerns of
BOTH rich and poor nations alike µ]]uo]Zoo}oZ^µ]]o]Ç}U
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