Textbook Notes (380,718)
CA (168,183)
UTSC (19,294)
IDSB04H3 (79)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 summary notes

3 Pages
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Department
International Development Studies
Course Code
IDSB04H3
Professor
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

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Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter
Key Definitions
¾ }]vP}Zt,K^Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and
not merely the absence of disease or infirmity_ (3)
o International health actors frame international health in terms of disease control
o There is growing consensus on the need to address social determinants of health
essential for g}}ZoZvÁoo]vPXdZ]voµ^µZ}µ]vPU}
clean water, sanitation, nutrition, education, broad social policies and protections, safe
Á}l]vP}v]]}vvo]À]vPÁP_õð
¾ C. tE. A. Winslow (a public health leader) described public health ^Z]vv}(
preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting physical health and efficiency through
organized community efforts.._~ðXdZZÀvÀo}Z}v]}v}(Z(]o}(
public health including:
o Social medicine t refers to integration of political action and health efforts developed in
the 19th century
o Population health t emphasizes on how various determinants of health interact
((]vPZoZ~XPX^µvuo}Çuvvo}}]o]}o]}vU}ÀÇU and
Z}uovUÁ]Z}(}µv((}vZoZ_~ñ t developed by the Canadian
Insitute for Advanced Research
o Collective health t emphasizes on people exercising agency thus shaping health
}µ}uU}}vv}(Z]À]Á^ZoovPZÆ]À}le of, and reliance on, the
µo]}_
¾ International Health
o Term came into use in the 20th century and differs from tropical medicine ~^ÁZ]Z
ZZoZ}ou]vµ}[}o}v]Yv}ZZ}]o[]vP_~ñ
o It was born from interest among countries to address transnational health concerns t in
particular it was originated out of fear of the adverse affect ill health had on worker
productivity and social unrest
o ^]vv]}voZoZ]v]ooÇ}ÀZ}ou}(ZoZ]vµverdeveloped
countries and the efforts by industrialized countries and international agencies to
Z}ou_~òt influenced by Cold War rivalries and dominance of
industrialized powers over developing countries
¾ Global Health
o According to the US Institute of Medicine global health ]^ZoZ}ouU]µUv
concerns that transcend national boundaries, may be influenced by circumstances or
experiences in other countries, and are best addressed by cooperative actions and
}]}v_~ò
It is different from international health because it emphasizes on addressing health concerns of
BOTH rich and poor nations alike µ]]uo]Zoo}oZ^µ]]o]Ç}U
Æ]v}(Uv}v]]o]Ç(}ZoZ_~ò
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Description
Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter Key Definitions }]L2}ZJ,K^Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity_ (3) o International health actors frame international health in terms of disease control o There is growing consensus on the need to address social determinants of health essential for g}}ZoZLoo]L2:@ZZ]L o^Z}Z]L27 ZZ} clean water, sanitation, nutrition, education, broad social policies and protections, safe }l]L2 }L]]}LZLo]]L22Z_ C. JE. A. Winslow (a public health leader) described public health Z^ZZ ]L L} preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts.._~:@ZZLZo}Z }L ]}LZ}Z]o} public health including: o Social medicine J refers to integration of political action and health efforts developed in th the 19 century o Population health J emphasizes on how various determinants of health interact ]L2ZoZ~:2:^LKo}KL Lo}Z} ]o]Z}o]}L7}7 and Z}KoZZLZZ7]Z}}L Z}LZoZ_~ J developed by the Canadian Insitute for Advanced Research o Collective health J emphasizes on people exercising agency thus shaping health } }KZ7
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