IDSB04H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Social Medicine, Bioterrorism, Global Public Good

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Published on 6 Dec 2010
School
UTSC
Department
International Development Studies
Course
IDSB04H3
Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter
Key Definitions
¾ }]vP}Zt,K^Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and
not merely the absence of disease or infirmity_ (3)
o International health actors frame international health in terms of disease control
o There is growing consensus on the need to address social determinants of health
essential for g}}ZoZvÁoo]vPXdZ]voµ^µZ}µ]vPU}
clean water, sanitation, nutrition, education, broad social policies and protections, safe
Á}l]vP}v]]}vvo]À]vPÁP_õð
¾ C. tE. A. Winslow (a public health leader) described public health ^Z]vv}(
preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting physical health and efficiency through
organized community efforts.._~ðXdZZÀvÀo}Z}v]}v}(Z(]o}(
public health including:
o Social medicine t refers to integration of political action and health efforts developed in
the 19th century
o Population health t emphasizes on how various determinants of health interact
((]vPZoZ~XPX^µvuo}Çuvvo}}]o]}o]}vU}ÀÇU and
Z}uovUÁ]Z}(}µv((}vZoZ_~ñ t developed by the Canadian
Insitute for Advanced Research
o Collective health t emphasizes on people exercising agency thus shaping health
}µ}uU}}vv}(Z]À]Á^ZoovPZÆ]À}le of, and reliance on, the
µo]}_
¾ International Health
o Term came into use in the 20th century and differs from tropical medicine ~^ÁZ]Z
ZZoZ}ou]vµ}[}o}v]Yv}ZZ}]o[]vP_~ñ
o It was born from interest among countries to address transnational health concerns t in
particular it was originated out of fear of the adverse affect ill health had on worker
productivity and social unrest
o ^]vv]}voZoZ]v]ooÇ}ÀZ}ou}(ZoZ]vµverdeveloped
countries and the efforts by industrialized countries and international agencies to
Z}ou_~òt influenced by Cold War rivalries and dominance of
industrialized powers over developing countries
¾ Global Health
o According to the US Institute of Medicine global health ]^ZoZ}ouU]µUv
concerns that transcend national boundaries, may be influenced by circumstances or
experiences in other countries, and are best addressed by cooperative actions and
}]}v_~ò
It is different from international health because it emphasizes on addressing health concerns of
BOTH rich and poor nations alike µ]]uo]Zoo}oZ^µ]]o]Ç}U
Æ]v}(Uv}v]]o]Ç(}ZoZ_~ò
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