IDSA01 Chapter 20 Notes.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
International Development Studies
Leslie Chan

IDSA01 Introduction to International Development Chapter 20—Development and Health  life expectancy increases on average at a given level of inflation-adjusted per capita income and there are two major lines of explanation:  access to health care, including not only treatments but preventive interventions like immunization  social determinants of health: conditions under which people live and work that affect their opportunities to lead healthy lives  a social or socio-economic gradient is a pattern found in rich and poor societies alike, in which health status varies with income, wealth, education, or some other indicator of socio-economic status; health improves with wealth, income, education and other assets  consequences of psychosocial stress accumulated over the life course wearing people down biologically in measurable way or almost every aspect of how a society organizes the distribution of resources and opportunity is potentially implicated in the health outcomes among its members  health improvements do not follow rapidly from economic growth, it is dependent on building infrastructure as provision of water and sanitation services Globalization, Development and Health  globalization can also be defined by a series of differing definition but one serves as “a pattern of transnational economic integration animated by the ideal of creating self-regulating global markets for goods, services, capital, technology and skills”  the validity of the notion that growth leads to wealth that leads to health is entirely untrue as poverty reductions does not necessarily result in affordable health care of the populous  around the 1980s an international division of labour occurred, the migration of labour-intensive manufacturing operations from high-income countries the exports processing zones in the developing world  as internationally countries compete in an increasingly competitive marketplace for foreign direct investment and outsources contract production, this has limited the governments’ ability to adopt and implement labour standards, health and safety regulations or other redistributive social policy measures  one of the effects of global economic integration is the sharp decline of wages of low-skilled workers that have been associated with the deindustrialization in the rich countries (e.g. trade liberalization has wiped out the livelihoods of small agricultural producers unable to compete with multinational commodity chains)  the double burden of disease is a pattern in which continued substantial prevalence of communicable diseases which have been regarded as the “disease of poverty” coexist with rising incidence of non- communicable “diseases of affluence”—as it so happens the poor and marginalized are more likely to be overweight or obese  the effects of large-scale disinvestment and the resulting financial crises on health are huge, this limits the ability of governments to provide publicly financed health services and address social determinants of health (redistributive policies must be carried out within the constraint created by the threat of capital flight as well as other forms of opposition from domestic elites resisting incursions on their privileged economic position) The Changing Lands
More Less

Related notes for IDSA01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.