Lecture Notes for chapter 3

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International Development Studies
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

IDSB04 - Introduction to International Health th September 28 , 2010 Chapter 3: International Health Agencies, Activities and Other Actors Key Questions: What shapes the organization of international health? How have various agencies and actors in international health and their activities evolved over the past half century? Who are the major players in international health? What political, economic, and ideological, rationales guide their policies and activities? Key Terms: Agency: an organization with a defined purpose often administratively related or subsumed under a larger governmental or intergovernmental structure. Program: an umbrella structure involving several related projects, generally with a particular purpose. NGO: nongovernmental organization---not for profit civic entity or network that not directly related to government structures and focuses on a particular issue or problem. **INGO (international NGO) PPP: public private partnership, collaborative entity involving both public and private sector organizations. What is International Health? Three sects of organizations were established in the wake of WWII which have profoundly shaped international health ideas, activities, and developments: The World Health Organization (WHO) and other United Nations (UN)agencies The World Bank and related multilateral financial institutions Bilateral aid and development organizations based in industrialized countries (mostly in former colonial powers) The term international health is a misnomer, the vast majority of international health work is not shared among nations as equivalents, but rather reflects the prevailing international political and economic order, whereby international assistance is provided by wealthyindustrialized countries, and received by poorunderdeveloped countries. It is essential to understand that international assistance reflects geopolitical relations and reproduces dominant imbalances of power and resources. Large multilateral, bilateral, private, and non governmental entities are not the only health actors. Many other health organizations with smaller budgets but sizeable memberships have emerged in recent decades. These groups agree on the importance www.notesolution.com
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