Chapter 5

6 Pages
Unlock Document

International Development Studies
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

Chapter 4 : The political economy of health and department (September 21, 2010) Models for understanding Health and Disease (pg.133) o Biomedical Model: considers health as the absence of disease and at a individual level, it is largely curative, considers behavioral determinants of health in how to affect on risk factors (characteristics related to heredity and lifestyle) - this model would refer to the ][ZZoZ]oKKZ ]]L2K] ]}L o Behavior Model: centers on individual responsibility for health where good or poor ZoZ]Z^ }LZL }]L]]o}Z}ZZ}o ]}LZLo]Z;@Z]Z} Z primarily focuses on the regulation or changing of personal conduct and cultural attitudes through education, counseling and incentives in order to achieve desirable ZoZ} }KZ_~J this model would prescribe change in lifestyle choices to improve health (diet, avoidance of stressful situations, change in occupation, etc) o Political Economy Approach: ^ }LZ]ZZ}o]] o7Z} ]o7 ooL }L}K] contexts in which disease and illness arise and examines the ways that social structures; interact with individual conditions to promote ill or good health_ (134). J This approaches emphasizes need to address determinants of health for improvement Z}2Z^]K}}l]L2 }L]]}LZ7Z} ]o}o] ]ZL}o]] oK}]o]]}L_~ along with behavior and medical consideration. th Though life expectancy in industrializing Europe in the 18 century onwards increased due to social and political factors (better nutrition, education, housing, etc), decline in mortality was not initially a cause of medical technologies. EX. Obesity (how to treat through looking at the different approaches: biomedical (drugs),behavior (exercise) and political economy (cannot comprehend increase rates without taking into account increase in food production) o Mortality rates actually increased because of unequal distribution of wealth across th Z} ]o oZZZL]L[]Kove until the late 19 century. In the developing world, 20% of life expectancy improvement was more related to income improvements than social policy such as nutrition, education and sanitation improvements. o ^technophysio evolution_]s the interaction among caloric intake, productivity and longevity J TE is believed by some to be the reason for the life expectancy improvement. (not necessarily true) o The increase in female education, a product of social redistribution, has greatly contributed to mortality declines in developing countries o Low-income areas have been able to reach similar life expectancy levels as wealthier countries through social-democratic and socialist political systems that support economic and social redistribution as oppose to biomedical or behavior factors which played a minor role Historically there was emphasis on environmental factors in regards to health and disease LZL} }ZKZZ]Z}LZZ}Z~^]L]]o }Z}ZZKL}L]Z ZZ ]]o]_~:
More Less

Related notes for IDSB04H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.