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International Development Studies
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Anne- Emanuelle Birn

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IDSB04 CHAPTER 1 Health  State of complete physical, mental, and social well being, and spiritual well being  Not merely the absence of disease or infirmity International health  Control of disease  focused on disease surveillance, standardization and sanitary treaties for mandatory ways to combat particular diseases th  Came in early 20 century  Social determinants of health is essential to ensure the highest attainable state of health and well being  Closely connected to “public health”  Social determinants  Include adequate housing, clean water, sanitations, nutrition, education, safe working conditions, living wages  Distribution of power, social status Public health  Closely linked to int’l health  Derived in early 19 century  Initially coined to distinguish govn’t efforts to preserve and protect health from private actions  Later defined as “ the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health through organized community efforts etc. Population health  Proposing that individual determinants of health do not act in isolation but rather interact in a complex fashion  Ex: unemployment can lead to social isolation, poverty and homelessness with profound effects on health Collective health  Developed in 1970’s more popular in 1990’s  Purpose of collective health was to emphasize the role and agency of ordinary people and social movements in shaping health outcomes  People in this field challenged the exclusive role of, and reliance on the public sector, especially in contexts where govn’t are repssive, unrepresentative or unresponsive to the collective needs of population Global health  Term used to re-conceptualized int’l health  Defined as health problems, issues and concerns that transcend national boundaries, may be influenced by circumstances or experiences in other countries and best addressed by cooperative actions and solutions  Portrayed as going beyond prior understandings of communications and accords regarding health issues between go
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