- new concept of identity and belonging to adjust to realities of a highly integrated global order
- Globalization greatly contributed to the creation of the ‘global citizenship’ as it has resulted in the
movement and migration of vast numbers of people.
- Citizenship has been tied to place and demarcated primarily by territorial boundaries.
- difficult to constitute the components of this kind of citizenship; mostly due to impacts of migration
- differing reactions to globalization have made it difficult to distinguish boundaries of citizenship. 1)
accept broader notion of community or 2) adopting an intensely nationalistic orientation
- distances shrink, borders become fuzzy, global relations become everyday considerations
- resulted in the movement and migration of vast numbers of people
- highly integrated global order
- created by migration, and also refugees, asylum seekers, displaced persons.
- not confined to a single nation or state, extending or operating within more than one nation’s
- transcend traditional state jurisdictions and cannot be solved by one state alone.
- often involve a significant degree of conflict and have developed over a considerable period of time
- Ex: terrorism, health, human rights, environment, finance, foreign investment, trade
- critical issues and controversies impacting on relationships across systems; issues that cross
international borders and necessitate global responses.
- ability to communicate effectively and appropriately in intercultural situations based on one’s
intercultural knowledge, skills, and attitudes
- see world other points of view
1. What are Global Citizens?
2. Why do the authors think that students today need to acquire the knowledge and skills to
become global Citizenship? What are these core skills that the authors identified?
3. Is globalization making the world smaller?
4. What are the implications for citizenship as a result of the growing interconnectedness of the
Transnational media corporations Internationalization
1. According to Chalaby, what are the three major “stages” that took place in international
communication since the 1850s?
2. What are some of the key roles play by government in terms of international communication?
3. What is the relationship between international communication and globalization?
4. Chalaby says that “The globalization of communication plays a determining role in the
deterritorialization of capitalism and economic liberalism.” What does this mean?
- dramatic personal change is difficult in this age
- new forms of transportation, rising standards of living, consumerism, and urbanization were among
forces that would make it easier for people to change aspects of their personal and social identities.
- in this age, social identity was harder to control than before; could hide in crowd of big city but also
might interact and build relationships with far more people than in rural village.
- Advent of modern publishing enterprises (daily newspaper), various recording mechanisms (ex.
Camera), modern bureaucracies (administrative agencies that keeps records on citizens) added new
degrees of permanence to identity makes it much harder to recreate identity
- core of industrial society – stable long term employment for the large majority of population
- ‘information society’ as a term is very ambiguous. Instead if we say, information technology society, we
are much closer to what is happening but would assume technological determinism and assume
technology determines society.
- information as foundation of societies.
- contemporary society as a network society made possible by new information and communication
technologies which are both a necessary condition for and inextractable dimension of that society and
pose complex results and challenges.
- main conclusion: network society of the contemporary, or post-industrial age is centrally organized
around new ICTs which have enabled rather than technologically determined extraordinary changes in
the social structure
- the network state is emerging in a world of different kinds of networks of which governmental
networks is one - new form of the state. Network made of nation states and relationships between the nation states and
conational, supernational institutions, and lower levels like regional and local governments.
- Ex. European Union; network of states
- global financial market illustrates the functioning of the network society: allows a new, integration of
the core of global financial activities run by the min