LINB09H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Vocal Folds, Syllable, Phonotactics
Speech consists not merely of a string of consonants and vowels pronounced one after the other. The vowel of a syllable is regarded as the nucleus of a syllable. The elements before the nucleus are called the onset; the element after the nucleus are called the coda. The nucleus and coda taken together are known as the rhyme. A syllable with an empty coda is called an open syllable. One with a filled coda is called a closed syllable. The study of the possible combinations of sounds in a language is called phonotactics. Both /bnik/ and /l t/ are phonotactics gaps in english: the first type /bnik/ is simply not english; it is a systematic gap, the second type /l t/ is possible, although unknown, form; it is called an accidental gap. The sound / / is found initially in very few words, borrowed from french. The onset may be empty as in ice, egg.