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LINB04H3 (10)
Chapter 3

Notes for Chapter3 - Understanding Phonology - required readings only.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Duncan, Liisa

rdUnderstanding Phonology3 editionChapter 3Some typology sameness and difference31Introductioncrosslinguistic similarities are largely due to the ergonomics of speech production32Varying Complexity languages have different numbers of segments and have different ways of forming syllables with their segmentslowest degree of complexityCV syllable where there is a single short vowel and only one consonant in the optional onsetlanguages can be more complex if o the onset is obligatory o the onset can be complex ie CCconsonant cluster in the onset o there can be a coda the coda can be complex o the nucleus can be complex ie long vowels would be represented by VVsome languages allow the nucleus to be filled with a consonant different languages have different phonological processes33Universals and Implicational Relationsall languages have syllables and a segment inventory that can be divided into consonants and vowelsunusual segments tend to occur in larger inventories and tend to be more phonologically complex than common segmentsthe above point suggests that o languages build up their phonologies in an ordered way suggesting that a language will have segment X if it has segment Y tendential
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