Textbook Notes (362,902)
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LINB04H3 (10)
Chapter 15

Notes for Chapter 15 - Understanding Phonology

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Duncan, Liisa

rdUnderstanding Phonology3 editionChapter 15Further Constraining Stress152Iambic and Trochaic RhythmThe majority of quantityinsensitive languages are leftdominant QIrd languages are rareQuantitysensitive systems are more frequently rightdominantThrough perception experiments listeners group sequences of even duration tatatata in a binary fashion with initial prominence tta tta o Trochaic rhythm even duration initial prominenceListeners group sequences of uneven duration tataatataa in a binary fashion with final prominence tata tata o Iambic rhythm uneven duration final prominencex SWlabelled footx WSlabelled footThree foot types syllabic trochee QIld moraic trochee QSld iamb QSrdCatalexis opposite of extrametricality the addition of a prosodically relevant but segmentally empty constituent syllable mora or segment to a word edge the addition of an abstract syllable at the end of a word treated as a real syllable by the footing process o Catalexisproposed in order to eliminate degenerate feet153Footbased Rules1531Quantitative AdjustmentsIambic rhythm is typically applied to sequences of uneven duration whereas trochaic rhythm generally concerns even durationLanguages with iambic rhythm often have segmental processes that aim to increase durational unevennessIambic
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