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LINB09H3 (30)
Chapter

Ch1-2.docx

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Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LINB09H3
Professor
Yoonjung Kang

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LINB09H3: Phonetics – The Study of Speech Sounds Chapter 1-2 articulatory phonetics → deals with the production of sounds acoustic phonetics → studies the vibrations of speech sounds auditory phonetics → study of how sounds are heard and perceived  vocal tract: the throat, mouth, and nasal cavity  vocal folds located in the larynx (behind Adam’s apple)  the movement of our tongue and lips allow us to produce a large number of modifications on the vibrating air stream, and thus, a wide variety of sounds  glottis: the opening between the vocal folds o glottal – used to describe activities of the vocal folds o glottal stop – holding your breath with mouth open, vocal folds are closed  voiced → vocal folds are close together, vibration  voiceless → vocal folds are separated, slight friction-like noise, no vibration  pharynx: connects the larynx with the oral and nasal cavities o pharyngeal wall – when you say “ah”, you can see the back of your throat  articulators: various points in the oral cavity  upper articulators: upper lip, upper teeth, upper surface of the mouth, and the pharyngeal wall  lower articulators: lower lip, lower teeth, and tongue  “sagittal section” – drawing of the head split down the middle  retroflex sounds are made with the tip of the tongue curled back to articulate with the area behind the alveolar ridge  lips → teeth → alveolar → post-alveolar → palatal → velar → uvular → pharyngeal  tongue tip (apex) – “apical”  apico-dental: tip of tongue + upper teeth  apico-alveolar: ‘toe’, ‘dead’, ‘nun’  tongue blade (lamina) – “laminal”  front of tongue – “palatal”  back of tongue (back) – “dorsal”  dorso-velar: /k/ /g/ /ŋ/  root of tongue is near pharyngeal wall  epiglottis: cartilage extending up and back from the larynx (has no significant use)  nasal  velic opening  oral  velic closure  consonants are classified by:  voicing  place of articulation  manner of articulation  Place of Art
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