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LINB20H3 (1)
Chapter 5-10

Sociolinguistics Chapter 5-10 Definitions.docx

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Department
Linguistics
Course
LINB20H3
Professor
Atiqa Hachimi
Semester
Fall

Description
SociolinguisticsChapter 5 Definition Politeness The actions taken by competent speakers in a community in order to attend to possible social or interpersonal disturbanceFace wantsErving Goffmans notion of face our social persona adopted into politeness theory Face wants are the desire to protect our positive face and negative face from threat or damage Negative faceThe want of every competent adult member of a community that their actions be unimpeded by others Dont tread on me typePositive faceThe want of ever competent adult member of a community that their wants be desirable to at least some others Love me love my dog Social distanceSocial distance is a component of Brown ad Levinsons politeness theory It refers to horizontal differences between people cf power Also spatial distance eg Between cities in the diffusion of an innovation Negative politeness strategiesAn action phrase or utterance that indicates attention is being paid to the negative face wants of an interlocutor Often achieved through shows of deference One type of action available to mitigate an inherently facethreatening act Positive politeness strategiesAn action phrase of utterance that indicates attention is being paid to the positive face wants of an interlocutor Often achieved through shows of friendliness One type of action available to mitigate an inherently facethreatening act PowerA vertical relationship between speaker and hearer in Brown and Levinsons theory of politeness Along with distance and cost of imposition power determines how much and what kind of redressive action the speaker might take with a facethreatening act
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