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PLIC55H3 (14)
Ron Babin (5)
Chapter 3

Psycholinguistics - Chapter 3.odt

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Department
Linguistics
Course
PLIC55H3
Professor
Ron Babin
Semester
Fall

Description
PSYCHOLINGUISTICS Chapter 3: Psychological Mechanisms Main Points • comprehending and producing lang are performed within the constraints of our info processing system – system has working memory and long term memory - long term has episodic and semantic memory • issues with lang processing: if we use serial or parallel processes, if we use top down or bottom up , if lang processes are automatic or controlled and the extent to which lang processing displays modularity • children appear to process info vary diff than adults but development of processing system says most of system is developmentally invariant Information-Processing System • William James: working and long term memory – primary and secondary memory Working Memory • working memory: temporary storage of info that is being processed in any range of cog tasks • measured by: memory span test or simple span test: ppl given series of items and asked to recall The Baddeley Hitch Model • 3 parts: central executive, visuospatial sketchpad and phonological loop • phonological loop - phonological store and articulatory rehearsal system - the store has phonological representations for brief time - articulatory system allows us to convert or overt rehearse materials – prolong stay in phonological store - when visual material presented – may convert them into phonological rep and hold them in phonological store • visuospatial sketchpad - temp maintains and manipulates visuospatial info - allows us to form images • central executive - limited to number of things we can hold at a certain time - determines what activities the slave systems should be doing at a time Tests of the Model • the model predicts that when ppl make errors in working memory – the errors tend to be in direction of similar sounds • when task occupy articulatory loop – reduces the possibility that the loop can be used to rehearse the letters toe be remembered • word length effect: pronunciation time of word is critical = shows that working memory relies on speech like mode of representation Long Term Memory • holds permanent knowledge • Tulving: said we should distinguish between two aspect of long term memory – episodic memory and semantic memory • episodic memory: personally experienced facts • semantic memory: general facts Semantic Memory • organized knowledge of words, concepts, symbols and obj • motor skills, social skills, spatial knowledge Episodic Memory • Tulving: its not only remembering your teacher but experiencing it • autonoetic consciousness: consciousness of subj experienced time past present or future Central Issues in Language Processing Serial and Parallel Processing • serial processing: if group of processes takes place one at a time • parallel processing: if two or more of the processes take place at the same t
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