Chapter 4: pragmatic analysis study of being and existence study of the nature of reality (ontology) and the world (cosmology) I think therefore i am descartes *mind & body* Pragmatists" claim that truth depends on the degree to with a theory/concept provides us with useful results when solving problems. All searches for the truth fail because none of them makes any real difference it does not affect us right now in our society/at this time. The whole function of philosophy ought to be to find out what definite different it will make to you and me, at definite instants of our life, if this world formula or that world be the true one. Pragmatism as a means of personal growth to achieve ones goals and solve individual problems. Radical empricism particulars, and that therefore both deserve a place in our explanations. Experience includes both particulars and relations between those.