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MDSA01H3 Chapter Notes -Jacques Lacan, Phallic Stage, Erogenous Zone

Media Studies
Course Code
Ted Petit

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Media CH. 7 Psychoanalytic Analysis
- Pleasure principal is the uncontrollable human drive to satisfy desire
- Desire- or an appetite for something that promises enjoyment, satisfaction and pleasure in its
attainment (includes sexual desires, food and power)
- Freud associates the pleasure principal with the id the inherited, instinctual part of the psyche
- The pleasure principal pushes individuals toward unrestricted satisfaction of every desire
- Reality principal represents the constant curbing of desire according to possibility, law or
social convention
- As infants we are driven to uncontrolled desires however, we learn to control that drive as we
grow older and integrate into society
- Reality principal is associated with the ego the regulatory part of the conscious mind that
comes to a decision on whether the attempt to obtain satisfaction to be carried out or
- The control of the ego is the reason why we find pleasure in shocking, thrilling and upsetting
aspects of life
- Repression the process of mentally containing our desires below conscious recognition or
- The unconscious for Freud is the part of the mind that acts as a reservoir for desire and attempts
to male repressed desires felt again by interjecting them into the conscious mind
- Freudian Slip recognizing a moment where one’s repressed desires broke through their
- Lack (by Jacques Lacan) believed there is not so much of struggle b/w pleasure and reality as
there gap separate them
- We experience a feeling of lack because we are consciously divided fm the pleasures that cannot
be captured or expressed in the symbol systems of our everyday reality
- According to Freud infants are born “polymorphosuly perverse” or with the ability to experience
pleasure in a number of ways because they have no self control and are inhibited by social
- Newborns are unaware of their individual nature, the process of learning this distinction and
forming conscious self is instrictlly tied up w. the notions of developing sexuality
- Sexual pleasure are found in the Oral stage the union b/w the mother and child in the act of
breastfeeding (nourishment), the mouth is the first erotogenic zone in the developing female
- Anal Stage pleasure from secreting wastes, sense of control
- Phallic stage the second of Freud’s psychosocial stage, during this stage the primary
erogenous zone is the genital area and pleasure derives from both direct genital stimulation and
general psychical contact
- At this stage children form strong immature sexual attachments to their parents of the opposite
sex (father daughter and mother- son = complexes)
- According to Freud children experience jealousy of their sane sex parent’s close relationship
with the opposite sex parent
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