Final Exam Study Guide (Chapters 7-12)
Chapter 7 Psychoanalytic Theory
Sigmund Freud’s Model of the Human Psyche all
• Conscious awareness provided by your senses
• Things easily called to your conscious mind
• Perceptional consciousness + pre-conscious
• Associated with the Pleasure Principle – the uncontrollable human
drive to satisfy desire, including libido, human sexual desire
• Associated with the Reality Principle – the constant curbing of desire according to possibility;
laws, both written and unwritten; and social convention
• Acts according to the reality principle and seeks to please the id’s drive in realistic ways
Freudian Psychoanalysis –
The Pleasure Principle – is the uncontrollable human drive to satisfy desire
Libido – sexual urge or desire
The Reality Principle – the constant curbing of desire according to possibility, law, or social
Repression – the process of mentally containing our desires below conscious
recognition or expression
The Unconscious – the part of the mind that acts as a reservoir for desire, and it always
attempts to make repressed desires felt again by interjecting them into conscious life.
Oedipus complex – a mental structuring that takes the raw libidinal materials of the oral, anal,
and phallic stages and splits them into conscious and unconscious desires Jacques Lacan:
Lacanian Psychoanalysis –
Imaginary – the pre-linguistic realm (similar to Freudian pre-Oedipal, pleasurable stage) where
the infant feels whole and connected to everything via the bond to the mother.
The Mirror Stage – the child catches its reflection in a mirror and misrecognizes itself as
an autonomous and total whole.
The Symbolic – the realm or the cultural plane of language, social meanings, and relationships.
Lack – there is not so much a struggle between pleasure and reality as there is a gap
that separates them
The Real - The state of nature from which we have been fo