Textbook Notes (363,236)
Canada (158,278)
MGHB02H3 (268)
Chapter 9


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Management (MGH)
Samantha Montes

Chapter Nine- Leadership What is Leadership? Leadership-the influence that particular individuals exert on the goal achievement of others in an organizational context Effective leadership exerts influence in a way that achieves organizational goals by enhancing productivity, innovation, satisfaction and commitment of the workforce Leadership involves going beyond formal role requirements to influence others Indiv. might emerge to occupy informal leadership roles since they have no formal authorityreply on being well liked or perceived to have higher skills or influence Are Leaders Born? Search for Leadership Traits Research on Leadership Traits Traits- indiv. characteristics such as physical attributes, intellectual ability and personality Traits associated w leadership Intelligence dominance honesty and integrity energy emotional stability need for achievement self-confidence motivation to lead Big Five- agreeableness, extraversion and openness to experience are related to leadership Most effective leaders have high levels of emotional intelligencealso related to job satisfaction Limitation of the Trait Approach It is difficult to determine whether traits make the leader or whether the opportunity for leadership produces the traits Traits approach fails to take into account the situation in which leadership occurs Traits are only preconditions for certain actions that a leader must take to be successpossessing appropriate traits for leadership make it possible that certain actions will be taken to be successful, BUT traits alone is not sufficient for successful leadership 1 www.notesolution.com Lessons from Emergent Leadership Leadership is a form of influence; 1 way to influence is to TALK A LOT Task leader- a leader who is concerned w. accomplishing a task by organizing others, planning strategy and dividing labour Social-emotional leader- a leader who is concerned w. reducing tension, patching up disagreements, setting arguments and maintaining morale o Influence is more subtle than task influence Task and social-emotional leadership are two important functions that must occur in group Group must be structured and organized to accomplish its task Organizations almost never appoint two formal leaders to a work groupthus, appointed leader must juggle the demands of the two distinctive role Behaviour of Assigned Leaders Consideration and Initiating Structure Consideration-extent to which a leader is approachable and shows personal concern and respect for employees o Seen as friendly, egalitarian, expresses appreciation and is protective of group welfare o Related to social-emotional function in emergent leadership Initiating structure-degree to which a leader concentrates on group goal attainment o Clearly defines and organizes hisher role and the roles of followers, stresses standard procedures and schedules the work to be done and assigns employees to particular tasks o Related to task function Consequences of Consideration and Structure Both consideration and structure positive to employees motivation, job satisfaction, and leader effectiveness Consideration more strongly related to satisfaction, motivation and leader effectiveness Structure related to leader job performance and group performance 2 www.notesolution.com
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