ch.11 for MGTB23

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Management (MGH)
Samantha Montes

WHAT IS LEADERSHIP? Leadership is the influence that particular individuals exert on the goal achievement of others in an organizational context o Effective leadership enhances productivity, innovation, satisfaction, and commitment to the workforce In theory, any organizational member can exert influence on others members o However, managers, executives, supervisors, and department heads are in better positions to exert leadership ARE LEADERS BORN? THE SEARCH FOR LEADERSHIP TRAITS Assumption is that those who become leaders and do a good job of it possess a special set of traits that distinguish them from the masses of followers Research on Leadership Traits Traits are individual characteristics such as physical attributes, intellectual ability, and personality Many traits are not associated with whether people become leaders or how effective they are, in fact they show how they are associated with leadership Agreeableness, extraversion, and openness to experience are related to leadership behaviours Low relationship on intelligence and leadership Most effective leaders have high levels of emotional intelligence o Positively related to job satisfaction and organizational citizenship behaviour Limitations of the Trait Approach Even if dominance, intelligence, or tallness is associated with effective leadership, we have few clues about what dominant or intelligent or tall people do to influence others successfully Most crucial problem of the trait approach to leadership is the failure to take into account the situation in which leadership occurs Traits are not sufficient for successful leadership Possessing the appropriate traits for leadership makes it possible that certain actions will be taken and will be successful LESSONS FROM EMERGENT LEADERSHIP Task leader is a leader who is concerned with accomplishing a task by organizing others, planning strategy, and dividing labour Social-emotional leader is a leader who is concerned with reducing tension, patching up disagreements, settling arguments, and maintaining morale
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