Social invention for accomplishing common goals through group effort
- Their essential characteristic is the coordinated presence of people
- Field of OB is about understanding people and managing them to work effectively
- Virtually all organization have survival as a goal
- The field of OB is concerned with how organization can survive and adapt to changes
- Organizations depend on interaction and coordination among people to accomplish their
- The field of OB is concerned with how to get people to practice effective teamwork
The attitudes and behaviors of individuals and groups in organizations
- We study these attitudes and behaviors and provide insight about effectively managing and
- Also studies how organizations can be structured more effectively and how events in their
external environments affect organizations.
- How does the culture of an organization play its role
- How do employees learn and what is the role of training and career planning?
- How do we motivate employees?
- How should manager communicate to employees?
Goals of organizational behavior
- Predicting when or what will happen
- OB is especially interested in determining why people are more or less motivated, satisfied,
or prone to resign.
- Management is defined as the art of getting things accomplished in organizations through
- Managers acquire, allocate, and utilize physical and human resources to accomplish goals
- If behavior can be predicted and explained, it can often be controlled or managed Early prescriptions concerning management
The classical view and bureaucracy
Classical viewpoint- an early prescription on management that advocated high
specialization of labor, intensive coordination and centralization decision making
- To maintain control, then classical view suggested that managers have fairly few workers,
except for lower-level jobs
- Frederick Taylor founded scientific management system for using research to
determine the optimum degree of specialization and standardization of work task
- Later turned into bureaucracy Max Weber’s ideal type of organization that included a
strict chain of command, detailed rules, high specialization, centralized power, and selection
and promotion based on technical competence
- Seen as being able to standardize behavior in organizations and provide workers with
security and sense of purpose
The human relations movement and a critique of bureaucracy
- Began with Hawthorne studies research that illustrated how psychological and social
processes affect productivity and work adjustment (more/less light)