Chapter 7 - Groups and Teamwork

7 Pages

Management (MGH)
Course Code
Joanna Heathcote

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Chapter 7Groups and Teamwork What is a GroupGrouptwo or more people interacting interdependently to achieve a common goalGroup memberships are important bc groups exert a tremendous influence on us they are the social mechanisms by which we acquire many beliefs values and attitudes and behaviours and also allows us to exert influence on othersFormal work groupsgroups that are established by organizations to facilitate the achievement of organizational goalsIntentionally designed to channel individual effort in an appropriate directionOther formal work groups include task forces and committeesTask forces are temporary groups that meet to achieve particular goals or to solve particular problemsCommittees are usually permanent groups that handle recurrent assignments outside the usual work group structuresInformal groupsgroups that emerge naturally in response to the common interests of organizational membersGroup DevelopmentTypical Stages of Group DevelopmentForminggroup members try to orient themselves by testing waters situation is ambiguous and members are aware of their dependency on each otherndStorming2 stageconflict often emerge confrontation and criticism occur roles and responsibilities are sorted out members resolve the issues that provoked the storming and develop social consensusNormingcompromise is often necessary group becomes more cohesive info and opinion flow freelyPerforminggroup devotes its energies toward task accomplishment achievement creativity and mutual assistance are prominent themes of this stageAdjourningrites and rituals that affirm the groups previous successful development are commonPunctuated Equilibrium Punctuated equilibrium modela model of group development that describes how groups with deadlines are affected by their first meetings and crucial midpoint transitionsPhase 1first meeting and continues until midpoint in the groups existence critical for setting the agenda and what will happen in the remainder of phaseAssumptions approaches and precedents that member develop end up dominating the first half of the groups life makes little visible progress toward the goalMidpoint transitionoccurs at exactly halfway point in time toward the groups deadlineMarks change in groups approach and how the group manages it is critical for the group to show progressTransition might consolidate previously acquired info or mark a new approach but it crystallizes the groups activities for phase 2Phase 2decisions and approaches adopted in the midpoint get played outConcludes with a final meeting and reveals a burst of acidity and a concern for how outsiders will evaluate the productAdvices for group development and work teamsPrepare carefully for first meeting what is decided here strongly determine what happens in the rest of phase 1Do not look for radical progress during phase 11
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