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MGHB02H3 (268)
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Chapter 12

Chapter 12 - Power, Politics, and Ethics.pdf

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Management (MGH)
All Prof.

Chapter 12Power Politics and Ethics What is PowerPower The capacity to influence others who are in a state of dependence Not always perceived or exercised It can flow in any direction in an organization The Bases of Individual PowerPower can be found in the position that you occupy in the organization or the resources that you are able to commandJohn French and Bertram Raven Legitimate PowerLegitimate Power Power derived from a persons position or job in an organization Often called authority It works often because people have been socialized to accept its influenceReward PowerReward Power Power derived from the ability to provide positive outcomes and prevent negative outcomes Corresponds with positive reinforcement Often supports legitimate power Coercive PowerCoercive Power Power derived from the use of punishment or threat Often supports legitimate power Generally ineffective and can provoke considerable employee resistance Referent PowerReferent Power Power derived from being well liked by others Deeper and truer base of power than reward or coercion Stems from identification with the power holder Charismatic leaders have referent power Anyone can have it it is available to everyone in the organizationExpert PowerExpert Power Power derived from having special information or expertise that is valued by an organization More crucial and unusual the expertise the more expert power availablecorresponds to the difficulty of replacement Most consistently associated with employee effectiveness Employee Responses to Bases of Power1Page
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