MGHB02H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Yokohama Rubber Company, Corporate Social Responsibility, Absenteeism

39 views3 pages
28 Feb 2011
School
Course
What Are Organizations?
Organization: Social invention for accomplishing common goals through group effort
OB is about understanding people and managing them to work effectively
OB is concerned with how organizations can survive and adapt to change
OB is concerned with how to get people to practise effective teamwork
What Is Organizational Behaviour?
Organizational Behaviour: The attitudes and behaviours of individuals and groups in organizations
The main factor that differentiates organizations is their workforce or human capital, and the most
successful organizations are those that effectively manage their employees. The goal of organiza-
tional behaviour is to predict, explain and manage organizational behaviour.
Early Prescriptions Concerning Management
The Classical View and Bureaucracy
Classical Viewpoint: An early prescription on management that advocated high specialization of
labour, intensive co-ordination and centralized decision making. Each department was to tend to its
own affairs, with centralized decision making from upper management providing co-ordination.
At the time scientific management contributed to the classical school.
Scientific Management: Frederick Taylors system for using research to determine the optimum
degree of specialization and standardization of work tasks.
Bureaucracy: Max Webers ideal type of organization that included a strict chain of command, de-
tailed rules, high specialization, centralized power and selection and promotion based on technical
competence.
The Human Relations Movement and a Critique of Bureaucracy
The movement began after the Hawthorne studies (1920’s and 30’s) conducted at the Western
Electric illustrated how psychological and social processes affect productivity and work adjust-
ment.
February 27, 2011 8:43 PM
W1: Ch1
Pg1. Behaviours
for survival
OB is interest-
ing, important
and it makes a
difference.
Effective man-
agement of of
people allows
organizations to
sustain a com-
petitive advan-
tage
OB studies
how organiza-
tions can be
structured
more effectively
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Ob is interest- ing, important and it makes a difference. Effective man- agement of of people allows organizations to sustain a com- petitive advan- tage. Ob studies how organiza- tions can be structured more effectively. Organizational behaviour: the attitudes and behaviours of individuals and groups in organizations. The main factor that differentiates organizations is their workforce or human capital, and the most successful organizations are those that effectively manage their employees. The goal of organiza- tional behaviour is to predict, explain and manage organizational behaviour. Classical viewpoint: an early prescription on management that advocated high specialization of labour, intensive co-ordination and centralized decision making. Each department was to tend to its own affairs, with centralized decision making from upper management providing co-ordination. At the time scientific management contributed to the classical school. Scientific management: frederick taylor"s system for using research to determine the optimum degree of specialization and standardization of work tasks.

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Class+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
30 Verified Answers