Textbook Notes (380,974)
CA (168,304)
UTSC (19,296)
MGH (426)
MGHB02H3 (292)
Chapter

Ch2 Notes

2 Pages
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Department
Management (MGH)
Course Code
MGHB02H3
Professor
Brian Connelly

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Personality and Learning
What is Personality?
Personality: The relatively stable set of psychological characteristics that influences the way an indi-
vidual interacts with his or her environment and how she or he feels, thinks and behaves
Personality is determined by genetic predisposition and by long-term learning history
To predict and understand organizational behaviour, one must know something about an individual’s
personality and the setting in which he or she works
The Five-Factor Model of Personality (Five-Factor Model)
The dimensions are:
Extraversion - the extent to which a person is outgoing versus shy. Persons who score high on
extraversion tend to be sociable, outgoing, energetic, joyful and assertive.
Emotional stability/Neuroticism - the degree to which a person has appropriate emotional con-
trol. People with high emotional stability (low neuroticism) are self-confident
Agreeable - the extent to which a person is friendly and approachable. Agreeable people are
warm, considerate, altruistic, friendly, sympathetic, co-operative and eager to help others.
Conscientiousness - the degree to which a person is responsible and achievement-oriented.
These people are dependable and positively motivated, orderly, self-disciplined, hard-working
and achievement-striving.
Openness to experience - the extent to which a person thinks flexible and is receptive to new
ideas. These people tend to be ore creative and innovative.
Personality Characteristics that Influence Organizational Behaviour
Locus of Control: A set of beliefs about whether one’s behaviour is controlled mainly by internal or
external forces. High internals, believe that the opportunity to control their own behaviour resides
within themselves, versus, high externals believe that external forces determine their behaviour
February 27, 2011 9:35 PM
W4:Ch2
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Description
February 27, 2011 9:35 PM W4:Ch2 PersonalityandLearning What is Personality? Personality: The relatively stable set of psychological characteristics that influences the way an indi- vidual interacts with his or her environment and how she or he feels, thinks and behaves Personality is determined by genetic predisposition and by long-term learning history To predict and understand organizational behaviour, one must know something about an individuals personality and the setting in which he or she works The Five-Factor Model of Personality (Five-Factor Model) The dimensions are: Extraversion - the extent to which a person is outgoing versus shy. Persons who score high on extraversion tend to be sociable, outgoing, energetic, joyful and assertive. Emotional stabilityNeuroticism - the degree to which a person has appropriate emotional con- trol. People with high em
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