MGHB02H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Punctuated Equilibrium, A.D. Vision, Tums

93 views2 pages
10 Jun 2016
School
Department
Course

For unlimited access to Textbook Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Chapter 7 Groups & Teamwork
I. Group
1. Definition: 2/more ppl interacting independently to achieve a common goal
2. Types: formal work groups (found by the org. for org. goal); informal groups (emerge naturally for common interest)
3. Typical stage model (of group development; of new groups)
1) Forming: orient themselves by testing the waters
2) Storming: confrontations as determining group development
3) Norming: resolve issues & develop consensus
4) Performing: task accomplishment
5) Adjourning: disperse; accomplishment rituals
4. Punctuated equilibrium model: how group w/ deadlines are affected by their 1st meetings & crucial midpt.
transitions
1) Phase 1: agenda setting (assumptions, approaches, precedents, dominating the 1st half) – motivation &
excitement
2) Midpoint Transition: approach changes for progress, crystalizing the group’s activity for Ph.2strategy
3) Phase 2: implementation of the adjusted approach in MT; burst of activities, concerning outsiders’ evaluations
5. Group structure
1) Size:
Specific Tasks Correlation Means
Satisfaction Negative Less friendship opp.; conflicts; less verbal
participation/member; less identification
of individual contribution to group success
Actual
Performance
Additive task (group performance is
dependent on the sum of individual
performance)
Positive w/in
a range;
Then turns
negative
Adding members to ↑potential speed
Disjunctive task (Group performance is
dependent on the best performer)
Probability of finding a high performer ↑
in larger groups
Conjunctive task (Group performance is
dependent on the poorest performer
Negative Probability of having a weak performer ↑
in larger groups
Process losses: performance difficulties stemming from the problem of motivating & coordinating larger groups
Actual Performance = Potential Performance – Process Losses (Both PP & PL ↑ w/ group size)
Mean actual productivity/member is negatively related to group size
2) Diversity
Regular tasks Negative - ↑ time for communication & cohesion
- “Deep diversity” in attitudes towards work badly damage cohesiveness
- Age diversity is unrelated
Creation & innovation
tasks
Positive
3) Norms: collective expectations that members of social units have regarding the behaviors of each other
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class