The scope of training: many new employees come with most ksas needed to start work, while others may require more extensive training. Training is any effort initiated by an organization to foster learning among its members. Training perceived to be oriented towards short-term performance, while development tends to be more oriented broadening skills for future responsibilities: primary reason for training: to bring their ksas up to the level required for satisfactory performance. Investments in training: organization"s revenue and overall profitability positively correlated with training, average expenditure in canada on training and development was 1. 75 percent of payroll and organizations annually provided about 30 hours of training per employee. Training programs often misdirected, poorly designed, and inadequately evaluated. To ensure maximum impact on individual and organization, a systems approach should be used, which involves 4 phases: (1) needs assessment, (2) program design, (3) implementation, and (4) evaluation.