MGHB12H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Absenteeism, Alcoholism

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Chapter 12 Promoting Safety and Health
Outcome 1 Safety and Health: It’s the Law
Occupational Injury – any cut, sprain, or amputation resulting from a workplace accident or from
an exposure involving an accident in the work environment.
Occupational Illness – any abnormal condition or disorder, other than one resulting from an
occupational injury, caused by exposure to environmental factors associated with employment.
Duties and Responsibilities
Duties of Employers
-Employers must inform their employees about safety and health requirements.
-Also required to keep certain records, to compile an annual summary of work-related
injuries and illness, and to ensure that supervisors are familiar with the work and its
associated hazards.
Duties of Workers
-Workers have many rights that pertain to requesting and receiving information about
safety and health conditions.
-They also have the right to refuse unsafe work without fear or reprisal.
Duties of Supervisors
Occupational health and safety acts require supervisors to do the following:
-Advise employees of potential workplace hazards;
-Ensure that workers use or wear safety equipment, devices, or clothing;
-Provide written instruction where applicable;
-And take every reasonable precaution to guarantee the safety of workers.
Duties of Joint Health and Safety Committees
-In Ontario, at least one management representative and one worker representative must
be certified.
-The certification program provides training in the following subjects: safety laws,
sanitation, general safety, rights and duties, and indoor air quality.
Penalties for Employer Noncompliance
Most health and safety acts provide for fine up to $500,000 and offenders can be sent to
jail.
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Worker’s Compensation
Under worker’s compensation, injured workers can receive benefits in the form of cash
payout (if the disability is permanent) or wage loss payments (if the worker can no longer
earn the same amount of money).
Industrial disease – a disease resulting from exposure to a substance relating to a
particular process, trade, or occupation in industry.
The emphasis in worker’s compensation has been shifting away from simply making
assessments and payments toward creating safety-conscious environments where there
will be fewer work-related accidents, disabilities, and diseases.
Outcome 2 Promoting a Safe Work Environment
Typically, the HR department or the industrial relations department is responsible for the
safety program.
Creating a Culture of Safety
The most important role of safety awareness program is motivating managers,
supervisors, and subordinates to be champions of safety considerations.
Process safety metrics  instead of counting injuries, managers should set goals on how
many unit safety meetings should be held quarterly and measure goal attainment.
Interviewing for Safety
-Although asking job candidates about the injuries they have experiences is off-limits,
interviewers can ask candidates other behavioral type questions designed to elicit their
propensity for safety.
-Many managers and supervisors wear their “safety hats” far les soften than their
“production, quality control, and methods of improvement hats”.
The Key Role of the Supervisor
-Major responsibility  communicate to an employee the need to work safely.
-Since training itself does not ensure continual adherence to safe work practices,
supervisors must observe employees at work and reinforce safe practices.
-Should also foster a team spirit of safety among the work group.
Proactive Safety Training Program
-In certain occupational areas  legally required
-Most frequent topics (1) first aid, (2) defensive driving, (3) accident prevention
techniques, (4) hazardous materials, (5) emergency procedures.
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Document Summary

Enforcing safety rules: penalties for violation of safety rules are usually stated in the employee handbook, most effective enforcement of safety rules occurs when, actively encourages employees to participate in all aspects of the org. safety program, solicit their ideas and opinions when assessing the risk of jobs during the job analysis process, safety rewards. (cid:224) however, can provide an incentive for employees not to report safety accidents. Total hours worked byall employeesduring period covered: can also be used compute incidence rate for (1) the # of workdays lost because of injuries and illnesses, (2) the number of nonfatal injuries and illnesses without lost workdays, and (3) cases involving only injuries or only illnesses, useful for comparing between work groups, between departments, and similar units, and other similar org. According to a national health care company, four factors have a major influence on employee stress: high demand, high effort, low control, low reward.

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