WHAT IS MONEY
-value of money can ﬂuctuate & can have big effect on country and ppl
The Characteristics of Money
-money: any object generally accepted by ppl as payment for goods & services. (has to have
portability, divisibility, durability, stability)
The Fluctuations of Money
-money serves 3 functions
-medium of exchange; we use money to buy and sell things
-store of value; money can be used for future purchases
-unit of account; lets us measure the relative values of goods and services
Credit Cards: Plastic Money?
-credit cards are money substitute; they serve as a temporary medium of xchange but are not a
store of value
-they’re convenient and extremely proﬁtable (from annual fees/interest and fees from merchants
that accept credit card)
THE CANADIAN FINANCIAL SYSTEM
-many forms of money depend on existence of ﬁnancial institutions to provide services to
business and individuals
-there are a variety of ﬁnancial intermediaries in Canada, vary in size, importance and types of
sources they appeal to.
-ﬁnancial community in Canada is divided into 4 distinct legal areas; chartered banks, alternate
banks (trust companies), life insurance companies, investment dealers.
FINANCIAL PILLAR #1 - CHARTERED BANKS
-chartered bank: a privately owned, proﬁt-seeking ﬁrm that serves individuals, non-business
organizations, and businesses as a ﬁnancial intermediary.
-offer savings, chqing accounts, loans (main source of short term loans for businesses)
-largest & most important.
-Initially liability took the form of bank notes
-Canada has a branch system (a few big banks with many branches)
Services Offered by Banks
-pension services; help customers establish savings plans for retirement
-trust services: the management of funds left “in the bank’s trust” (making your monthly bill
payments, managing your investment portfolio...)
-letter of credit: a promise by the bank to pay $ to a business ﬁrm (under conditions)
-banker’s acceptance: a promise that the bank will pay a speciﬁed amount of $ @ future
MGTA04 Chapter 8