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VPMA99H3 (11)
Andy Lee (11)
Chapter 18

Chapter 18 Study Guide

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Music and Culture
Andy Lee

Chapter 18 The Early Romantics Prelude -instrumental music can communicate pure emotion without using words -audience was increasingly made up of middle class -Lied is a German art song -became favourite outlet for intense personal feelings -piano accompaniment -composers grouped songs into collections with unifying characteristics, such as texts by a single poet or focus on common theme -song cycle is a collection of song -all songs are to be performed in order as movements of a multi-movement vocal work -tell a story through succession of songs -combine narrative emphasis with expressivity of lyric poem -song cycle provides balance between small and large forms, lyric and narrative content, unity and variety -piano was capable of producing full, firm tone at any dynamic level -suitable for expressiveness and virtuosity -splitting accompaniment between 2 hands -reinforcing melody by simulating orchestral technique of doubling -extended legato effects with damper pedal Franz Schubert (1797-1828) Lieder -wrote over 600 songs -Schubertiads are lieder first performed in home concerts -simple, artless quality of folk song -suggest uncomplicated feeling -some are filled with sweetness and melancholy -some are declamatory, intense, and dramatic, strong sense of harmonic colour -strong sense of harmonic colour -complex modulations are embodied in long passages in which tonality is kept in suspense and underlined dramatic qualities of song text -harmonic boldness -alternating between major and minor forms of triad -chromatic colouring in diatonic sound -modulations move from tonic toward flat keys, and median submediant -use of harmony reflects expressive purpose -set poetry by Goeth -embody character, describe scene and convey situation, express emotions through melody, harmony, accompaniment, and form www.notesolution.com
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