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Canada (158,426)
VPMA99H3 (11)
Andy Lee (11)
Chapter 16

Chapter 16 Study Guide

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Music and Culture
Andy Lee

Chapter 16: The Late Eighteenth Century: Haydn and Mozart -Mozart was a virtuoso pianist and highly efficient string player -Haydn is a fine violinist -both composed prolifically and excellent at reaching diverse audience -Haydns growth to artistic maturity was much slower than that of Mozart -Mozart was a child prodigy who rose quickly -Haydn worked loyally during most of his career in the service of a noble Hungarian family Mozart -craved celebrity and adulation as a boy -gave up steady job in Salzburg -became free agent in Vienna -traveled a great deal in his early years to England, Italy, Germany, and France -absorbed many styles and practices current in these countries Haydn -found his models in local traditions around Vienna -remained in the same job for long time -career does not easily divide itself into distinct periods -spent nearly 30 years at the court of Prince Paul Anton Eszterhazy and his brother Nikolaus -ideal for the development as a composer -filled commissions from others and traveled extensively -Eszterhaza was located near Eisenstadt -designed to rival splendour of the French court at Versailles -boasted 2 theaters, one for opera and the other for puppet plays -2 large decorated music rooms -Haydn was required to compose whatever music the prince demanded -conducted performances, trained, supervised all musical personnel, kept instruments in repair -orchestra of 25 players -opera and concert became weekly events -prince played the baryton, instrument resembling a large viola da gamba with an extra set of resonating metal strings -wrote 165 pieces for baryton, trios with viola and cello -was isolated in Eszterhaza -kept abreast of current development of music through visitors and occasional trips to Vienna -had double advantage, highly skilled performers and intelligent patron -could make experiment in the orchestra, observe strength and weakness of effect -became original because he was isolated Haydns Instrumental Music -Haydns style include folk, galant, empfindsmer, learned Baroque style -introduced unexpected element -unique combination of simplicity and sophistication www.notesolution.com
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