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Textbook Notes for Neuroscience at University of Toronto Scarborough

NROB60H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Camillo Golgi, Franz Nissl, Golgi'S Method

Chapter 2: Neurons and Glia Two major cells Neurons: sense changes in the environment, communicate these changes to other neurons, and command the bodys responses to these sensations Glial cells (Glia): insulating, support...

Neuroscience
NROB60H3
Janelle Leboutillier
NROB60H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Aristotle, White Matter, Schizophrenia

Chapter 1: Introduction to Neuroscience There are 100 million neurons in the brain What is Neuroscience? The study of the structure and function of the brain Curiosity, pain, pleasure, movement, reasoning, learning, memory...

Neuroscience
NROB60H3
Janelle Leboutillier
NROC61H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Dopamine Receptor D1, Picrotoxin, Capsid
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Abstract Addiction involves action-selection processes in the dorsal striatum, which mediates habitual actions Lack of input to the striatum can result in over-reliance on these habit processes in t...

Neuroscience
NROC61H3
Marie Gadziola
NROC61H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Reinforcement, Backward Chaining, Abraham Maslow
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Chapter 7 Schedules and Theories of Reinforcement Schedules of Reinforcement is the response requirement that must be met to obtain reinforcement - A schedule indicates what exactly has to be done for the reinfo...

Neuroscience
NROC61H3
Marie Gadziola
NROC61H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Ellipse, Third Order, Catatonia
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Chapter 4 - Classical Conditioning: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities Some Basic Conditioning Phenomena Acquisition refers to the process of developing and strengthening a conditioned response through repeated pa...

Neuroscience
NROC61H3
Marie Gadziola
NROC61H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Dog Bite, Immunosuppression, Systematic Desensitization
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Chapter 5 Classical Conditioning: Underlying Processes and Practical Applications Underlying Processes in Classical Conditioning Stimulus-Substitution Theory the CS acts as a substitute for the US - Pavlov clai...

Neuroscience
NROC61H3
Marie Gadziola
NROC61H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Operant Conditioning, Motivation, Aspirin
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Chapter 6 Operant Conditioning Introduction Operant Behaviours occur when behaviour is influenced by their consequences, and the effect of those consequences upon behaviour are called operant conditioning (response oper...

Neuroscience
NROC61H3
Marie Gadziola
NROC61H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Classical Conditioning, Fear Conditioning, Aplysia
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Chapter 3 Elicited Behaviours and Classical Conditioning Elicited behaviour behaviour that is (automatically) drawn out by a preceding stimulus = involuntary; e.g. a sneeze due to a particle of dust or a startle reactio...

Neuroscience
NROC61H3
Marie Gadziola
NROB60H3 Chapter 1: neuroscience chapter 1 notes
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Neuroscience
NROB60H3
Diane Mangalindan
NROB60H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Luigi Galvani, Andreas Vesalius, Ventral Root Of Spinal Nerve

Chapter 1- Neuroscience Past, Present, and Future The Origins of Neuroscience o The archeological record has many hominid skulls that have signs of fatal cranial damage that other hominids in...

Neuroscience
NROB60H3
Janelle Leboutillier
NROB60H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Median Plane, Sagittal Plane, Coronal Plane

Chapter 7 The Structure of the Nervous System Gross Organization of the Mammalian Nervous System o CNS and PNS Anatomical References o Anteriorrostral front o Posteriorcaudalbehind o Dorsal back o Ventral belly o Bilateral...

Neuroscience
NROB60H3
Janelle Leboutillier
NROB60H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Resting Potential, Extracellular Fluid, Electric Charge

Chapter 3-The Neuronal Membrane at Rest Introduction o Neuron conducts information over a distance by using electrical signals that move across axons o Electrical charge in the cytosol of the ...

Neuroscience
NROB60H3
Janelle Leboutillier
NROB60H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Extracellular Fluid, Electric Charge, Electric Potential

Chapter 3-The Neuronal Membrane at Rest Introduction o Neuron conducts information over a distance by using electrical signals that move across axons o Electrical charge in the cytosol of the ...

Neuroscience
NROB60H3
Janelle Leboutillier
NROB60H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Franz Nissl, Golgi'S Method, Camillo Golgi

Chapter 2- Neurons and Glia Neurons- sense changes in the environment, communicate these changes to other neurons and command the bodys responses to these sensations Glia/glial cells- contribute to brai...

Neuroscience
NROB60H3
Janelle Leboutillier
NROB60H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Critical Role, Active Transport, Nernst Equation

Asimple reflex requires the NS to collect, distribute, and integrate information. Goal of cellular neurophysiology is to understand the biological mechanisms that underlie these functions. Neuron solves the problem of con...

Neuroscience
NROB60H3
Janelle Leboutillier

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