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Week 14 Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Chad Horne

Lecture 14 November 1st, 2011 • liberal perspective is to give women options to make an autonomous choice and do what they think they should do when it comes to becoming a mother • what is the relationship between having a quarter of my dna and having legal responsibility for that child • surrogacy is a form of adoption- the woman is allowing her child to be adopted by some one else -using the surrogate mother as a container • baby M -impact on surrogacy contracts on the child in deciding before they are born what environment is best for them • active euthanasia: doing something deliberately to cause death (injecting something) -passive euthanasia: treatment or life sustaining measures are withheld • voluntary euthanasia: a patient has voluntarily decided to end their life -non-voluntary euthanasia: patient is not competent to decide what they want -involuntary euthanasia: they donʼt want to be euthanized but we do it anyway • terry shilo: -consistently in a state of higher brain death -family fought for it and she was finally allowed to die • issues that surround the justification of euthanasia -this appeals to the principal of autonomy -the idea is that a person who has decided that their lives bring more suffering than good -beneficence: ending suffering as promoting happiness and trying to give some one a death that is free of suffering -this is what would be good for the patient; ending their suffering sooner rather than later • there is a substantial moral difference between killing some one and letting them die -we need to look at the difference between the two of them -rachels: smith and jones case -killing and letting die are not all that different -jones: by not pulling the child out of the water, he is not doing something -active euthanasia and passive euthanasia: the physician is not the cause of death. In active euthanasia, the cause of death is the lethal substance injected and in passive euthanasia, it is the underlying disease -we might want to differ between what is the physical cause of death from what is morally responsible for the death • appealing to responsibility is just another way of asking if there is a difference between killing and letting die -in one case, smith is the cause of the death and in the other sense, jones is just a bystander; so smith is responsible for the death -but they have the same motivation and intention so they are both equally guilty in a way • the distinction therefore doesnʼt have the kind of argument that we think it does -those who argue against active euthanasia some appeal to the fact that killing is worse than letting die • just giving this option to the terminally ill may just pressure that person to go along with that option and simply end their life • argument against euthanasia: -we already allow passive euthanasia so we should allow active euthanasia... and then this would promote involuntary euthanasia and physicians would put people out of their misery -this argument will go on and on and never end -we have to find a spot on the slope that is not so slippery -therefore, if we allow active voluntary euthanasia, then what would stop people from just going around and killing each other -the way that you evaluate this is to see whether or not there is a non slippery place on the slope where you can stop and this is where
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