POLB80H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Attack On Pearl Harbor, Truman Doctrine, Total War


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB80H3
Professor
M.Hoffmann- Universityof Toronto
Chapter
3

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Chapter 3: International History 1900-90
INTRODUCTION
Pg. 52 WW1 (the Great War) 1st industrialized total war
- Ww2 brought USSR and US military politically deep into Europe
- Great War brought demise of 4 European empires: Russian, German, Austro-Hungarian,
Ottoman
- Cold war collapse the wartime alliance between US, UK, USSR
- WW2 was atomic bomb, fear that Nazi will win nuclear arm race
- 1900 world politics transformed by:
Transition from European crisis to modern total war
End of empire and withdrawal of European countries form imperial acquisitions
Cold war: political, military, nuclear between US and USSR
MODERN TOTAL WAR
- At Versailles imposed statement of German war guilt to justify reparations they demanded
- Fritz Fischer German aggression motivated by internal political needs of autocratic elite
responsible for war
Pg. 53 1918 the allied helped bring end to fighting
- Total war cause whole societies and economies were mobilized. Men in armies and women
worked
- US joined war in 1914 by W. Wilson
- Wilson Fourteen Points vision of international society
- Versailles Peace Treaty argued new framework for Europe security and new international
society
Failed Europe security (Germany not united)
- Great Depression triggered by Wall Street crash, ended liberal democracy and strengthened
communist, fascist, Nazis
- Economic and political instability provided ground which support for Nazi take roots
- Hitler no different from other German leaders, difference ideas of racial, imperial expansion
- Holocaust Nazi’s attempted genocide of Jewish people and other minorities
THE RISE AND FALL OF JAPAN
- US prevented from participation in League of Nations
- 1868 Japan emerge from isolationism and pursue industrial and military modernization
- The imperial expansion
Pg. 54 US against isolationist sentiments
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