POLB80H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Robert Keohane, Offensive Realism, John Mearsheimer


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB80H3
Professor
M.Hoffmann- Universityof Toronto
Chapter
7

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Chapter 7: CONTENPORARY MAINSTREAM APPROACHES: NEO-REALISM AND NEO-LIBERALISM
INTRODUCTION
p. 116 Neo-realism and neo-liberalism are the progeny of realism and liberalism respectively
- neo-realism refers to Kenneth Waltz’s Theory of International Politics
importance of structure of international system and its role as the primary of state
behaviour
- neo-liberalism refers to neo-liberal institutionalism/ institutional theory by those writing in this
theoretical domain
- most Western states joined US-led chorus to enlarge the community of democratic and
capitalist nation-state
- National interest take precedence over morality and universal ideals
- Economic interest are given priority over geopolitical ones
- Robert Keohane neo-liberalism institutionalist borrows equally from realism and liberalism
- Neo-realist theory focuses on issues of military security and war
- Neo-liberalism theorists focus on issues of cooperation, international political economy and the
environment
How to promote/support cooperation in anarchic and competitive international system
- Neo-realist- how to survive in this system
NEO-REALISM
p. 117 Waltz’s theory of structural realism only one version of neo-realism
- 2nd modern realist profile
- 3rd security studies
STRUCTURAL REALISM
- Realism is primarily an inductive theory
- Structure the ordering principle of international system, which is anarchy and distribution of
capabilities across units which are states
- India and Pakistan’s nuclear testing would be anarchy or lack common power or central
authority to enforce rules and maintain order
- Realist-power an end in itself
- Many states leaders believe they can resolve their difference by force
- Power gives states a place or position in international system
Pg. 118 states will seek to maintain position or placement in the system
- Waltz central mechanism for order in the system is balance of power
- Neo-realist all states experience same constraints presented by anarchy and strive to maintain
their position in the system
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version