Chapter 21.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Jennifer Levine

Chapter 21 – the Executive (pg 545 – 582) The Crown:  Canada is a constitutional monarchy, meaning its a democracy headed by a king or queen  The queen is the head of state not the prime minister  The concept of crown revolves around the head of state and can be defined as the collectivity of executive powers exercised by or in the name of the monarch  The Crown also represents the entire state, and embodies what belongs to the people collectively, so its a metaphor for the country really The Governor General  The queen normally resides in Britain, meaing that she needs a local representative in Canada- the governor general  The governor may perform any of her functions and exercise any of her powers in her absence  The prime minister chooses the governor general, who serves approx. A five year term Powers of the Crown  The queen and governor general derive their powers from three main sources: the constitution act 1867, the letters patent, and the royal prerogative  The 1867 act gave the governor general the power to appoint regular senators and judges, to appoint the speaker of the senate, to give royal assent, and to recommend money bills to the hosue of commons  In addition the governor general can summon or dissolve parliament  The letters patent is an obscure document that creates the office of governor general and accords it additional authority  The letters patent confer on the governor general all powers of the monarchy with respect to Canada, including the tittle of commander in chief, the power to appoint and remove ministers and judges; the power to summons, prorogue, and dissolve parliament  The royal prerogative or prerogative powers involve the residual authority of the crown that remains from the days when the monarch was almost absolute
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