Chapter 11.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Jennifer Levine

Chapter 11: The Canadian political culture  Political culture can be defined as the sum total of the politically relevant values, beliefs, attitudes, identities and orientations in a society  This includes national pride and feelings of patriotism Theoretical considerations  Political culture basically determines what is normal and acceptable and what is not; it indeed consists of the dominant valyes and expectations in the system  These values and expectations lead to the kinds of political decisions and behaviour that the various leites in society have deemd legitimate  Political scientists use two principal methods of identifying the ingredients of political culture: o One is to survery individual Canadians and ask them about their beliefs and values o A second approach is to develop an understanding of the political culture from observing the operation of the political system and society more generally  Pg 250 describes different theorys explaining the why behind canada’s political culture. The traditional Canadian political culture Democracy  Canada has become icnresingly more democratic over time, and today almost all Canadians believe in democracy  Democracy in the modern western world is usually described has having elements of popular sovereignty, political equality, political freedom, and majority rule Popular sovereignty  Just simply means that the people have the final say  At the federal and provincial levels in Canada, the constitution requires that elections be held at least every five years, but tradition usually reduces this interval to four  Popular sovereignty is thus normally exercised in periodic elections, which are mere opportunities to select those who will be responsible for making the big political decisions over the next four years on behalf of the population Political equality  A second aspect of democracy is that everyone is equal on election day  Every person has one vote and no more than one bote  This is known of coruse as political equality Political freedom  1982 charter of rights and freedoms provides us with political freedom in Canada  Everyone has the following fundamental freedoms: o Freedom of conscience and religion o Freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication o Freedom of peaceful assembly o Freedon of association Majority rule and minority rights  The Canadian conception of democracy also incorporates the notion of majority rule- that is, in case of dispute, the larger number takes precedence over the smaller number Distinguishing between Canadian and American values  One way to illustrate Canadian political values is to contrast it with
More Less

Related notes for POLB50Y3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.