Chapter 1 - Canadian Politics: Critical Approaches; Rand Dyck

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Christopher Cochrane

Canadian Politics: Critical Approaches by Rand Dyck Chapter 1: The Study of Politics THE POLITICAL SYSTEM Pg. 3 – 34 million in Canada - Needs ranked by Maslow – hierarchy - Private or voluntary sector – parts of society and the economy that function separately from government - Expressing our feelings to government – need to demand - Public sector - Demand is the expression of opinion that government action be taken Pg. 5. – government – the set of institutions that make and enforce collective, public decisions for a society - Power – the ability of one actor to impose its will on another, to get its own way, to do or get what it wants - Coercion – the government has the ability of one actor to impose its will on us by means of sanctions or penalties - We created government so we agreed to be bound by its decisions - Legitimacy power called “authority” - We obey government because of threat and penalties - 4 branches of government: the legislature, the executive, the bureaucracy, the judiciary Pg. 6 – the demand will require 2 of executive, legislative, bureaucratic or even all 3 - Authoritative decisions can be referred to as the “outputs” of political system  Need approval of 2 or more levels of government - Transmitting Demands:  Interest groups, pressure groups, advocacy groups  Political parties – can grow by promising things that people need, if large, they become government  Mass media of communication – they shape the quality of political discourse in Canada Pg. 7 – small concerns can be easily ignored (ex. Aboriginals) - Politics – said to originate in conflict, defined as the struggle for power and the management of conflict - Canadian government signed an accord in 2001 committing to increase interaction with nonprofit groups - Support – positive orientation toward something  Support from the government of the day, decision making apparatus, or the political community - Support most demonstrable by trust, efficiency, pride, patriotism - Demand -> Support -> Output -> Feedback Pg. 9 – environment – everything surrounding the political system – geographic, economic, social - Cleavages – a deep and persistent division is society that has significant implications for the system (geographic, socioeconomic classes) - Demands can originate from cleavages in the internal environment - External environment – international, multinational, transnational, supranational factors - Globalization / external factors serve as source of demands on national politics and constraints to domestic policies (ex. NAFTA) APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF POLITICS Pg. 10 – identities evolve from characteristics and experiences that are important to us - Identities are not necessarily automatic, voluntary, individualistic choices - Social structures (traditions, customs) determines how a society behaves - Hegemony – the general idea that we all operate within the context of the dominant values and expectation of society - We are accustomed to think and act in traditional way - 5 approaches useful in illuminating aspects of the Canadian political system: the pluralist, public choice, class analysis, state-centred and globalization - Pluralist, public choice, class – authorities respond to demands, concerned to discover what population wants - State-centred – government do what they think is best - Pluralist, public choice – power is derived from majority - Class, state – power is concentrated in the corporate and state elite THE PLURALIST APPROACH - Closest to democratic ideal - Power is widely dispersed among many society - People are free to join together to seek government response - Authorities are open to pressure - Policies adopted are the result of compromises Pg. 12 – “brokerage politics – a pluralist system, the authorities engage in wheeling and dealing with the various groups in an effort to keep them all content - Group action is more common and more effective than individual political activity - Power widely dispersed Pg. 13 – people free to organize groups - authorities create compromises - advocacy gro
More Less

Related notes for POLB50Y3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.